| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 871

 

Abbott, Larry, 281-82

ABC, 351

ABC News, 366, 502, 682, 692, 695

Abercrombie, Neil, 742, 744-45, 747-49

Abolition of Marriage, The (Gallagher), 320

abortion, 27-28, 33, 67, 94-96, 118, 130,

135, 140, 142, 146, 154-55, 176-77, 237,

308, 319, 330, 348, 352, 355, 358, 362,

368, 478, 480-82, 484, 551, 590, 675,

678, 727, 732, 745

Abortion Without Apology (Baehr), 27-28

Abramoff, Jack, 144

Abreu, Julio, 165

Abzug, Bella, 161, 162

Access Now for Gay and Lesbian Equality

(ANGLE), 6-7

ACLU Alaska, 415

ACLU biennial conference

1975, 49-50, 52

1985, 52-54, 57

1989, 58

ACLU California and, 471

ACLU Florida, 412

ACLU Hawaii, 31, 40-46, 60-61, 63-64,

75-76, 79, 82-83

ACLU Legislative Briefing Papers, 62

ACLU Michigan, 177

ACLU of Montana, 748-49, 750

ACLU of Southern California Gay Rights

Chapter, 50

ACLU of Vermont, 271

ACLU Utah, 397

Adams, Jo-Ann, 33, 70

 

Adams, John, 308, 539

Adams, Richard F, 50-51

Addabbo, Joseph, Jr, 563

Ad Hoc Committee for Religious Liberty,

610

Ad Hoc Committee on Defense of

Marriage, 566

Ad-Hoc Task Force to Challenge Sodomy

Laws (formerly Sodomy Roundtable),

51, 168. See also Roundtable (formerly

Sodomy Roundtable)

Admirals Club, 346

adoption, 5, 54, 57, 170, 180, 200, 214, 220,

265-66, 289, 300, 327, 340, 437-38, 648,

651, 706, 759

DeBoer and, 723

Denmark and, 26

Hawaii and, 39

by partner, 48

second-parent, or joint, 200, 205, 248,

255-58, 269, 274, 305, 308-11

Vermont bill of 1995 on, 257-58

Windsor and, 720

Advocate, 34,9, 39, 42-43, 54, 202-3,

242-43, 441, 539-40, 664

Affordable Care Act (2010), 664, 697, 700,

753

Afghanistan War, 637, 684, 693

AFL-CIO, 523

African Americans, 127, 304, 384, 427, 465,

475, 493, 516, 524, 542, 556, 600-602,

604, 665-66, 674, 678, 697-98, 703

African Methodist Episcopal Church, 332

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

872 | Index

Agnos, Art, 5 730, 744, 748. See also Roundtable

Agrast, Mark, 164, 223, 227 (fermerly Sodomy Roundtable); 10-

Aguilera, Christina, 357 10-10-20 plan; specific affiliates, chapters,

AIDS/HIV, 6, 10, 35-36, 52-54, 57, 65, individuals, and lawsuits

72,75, 162, 180, 194, 197, 208, 210, 233, Ad-Hoc Task Force to Challenge

259, 402, 405-6, 441 Sodomy Laws (Roundtable), 168

airline-ticket rules, 39 Equality Committee, 54, 56

Alabama, 456, 751, 754 first endorses same-sex marriage, 57-58

Alabama Supreme Court, 754 Gay and Lesbian Rights Project, 57, 60

Alaska, 179, 304, 325, 413-15, 420, 469 Lesbian and Gay Rights Project, 301,

constitutional referendum in, 277, 297, 425, 443

330, 379, 415, 420, 533 LGBT & HIV Project, 656

Alaska Civil Liberties Union, 414 LGBT litigation unit, 532

Alaska Supreme Court, 297 National LGBT Project, 441

Albany Times Union, 565 New York staff, and Hawaii case

Alcoholics Anonymous, 33 of 1990, 62

Alesi, James, 563, 565 Perry and, 633, 646-47

Alexander, Marc, 119 Policy #261, 49-50, 52-53

Alianza Ministerial Evangélica Nacional, Policy #264, 58

332 Roger Baldwin Award, 301

Alice B. Toklas LGBT Democratic Club, Sexual Privacy Project, 49, 51

679 summit of 2009, 532, 536

alimony, 258, 342 10-10-10-20 plan and, 443-50, 462

Alinsky, Saul, 519 three-phase timeline, 447

© Alito, Samuel, 635, 715, 754, 756 Windsor and Hollingsworth v. Perry and,

Allard, Wayne, 373, 382 658-60, 701, 724

Alliance Defending Freedom, 758 American Enterprise Institute, 331

Alliance Defense Fund, 325, 331, 350, 383, | American Family Association, 337, 344,

479, 756 346, 357, 374, 379-80, 470, 496

Alliance for Equal Rights, 241-42 American Foundation for Equal Rights

Alliance for Marriage (AFM), 329-36, (AFER), 626-34, 649, 723

338-39, 341, 350, 360, 366, 501 American Indian Movement, 429

Alliance for Traditional Marriage, 240, American International Group, 497

378 American Legion, 46

Allred, Gloria, 522 American Psychoanalytic Association, 472

Amazon, 611 American Samoa Community College,

AMERICAblog, 639, 682 112

American Airlines, 346 Americans with Disabilities Act (1990),

American Association of Political 166, 683

Consultants, 607 American University Law School, 171

American Association of Retired Persons Amestoy, Jeffrey, 278-80, 282-84

(AARP), 349, 381, 453, 746 Amherst College, 128, 146

American Center for Law and Justice, 130, | Amish, 383

298 Analyst Institute, 549, 585

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), Anchorage, Alaska, 414-15

7, 40, 46-58, 62, 67, 163, 174-75, 249, Anchorage Superior Court, 415

325, 333, 337, 425, 444-45, 587, 590, Anderegg, Jake, 755, 756

621, 623-26, 647, 656, 658, 700, 723, Anderson, Arthur, 116

 

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| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 873

 

Anderson, Kenny, 341-42

 

“animus” motivation, 666-67, 717

 

Ann Arbor Folk Festival, 177

 

antidiscrimination laws, 563. See also

employment discrimination

 

antimiscegenation laws. See interracial

marriage

 

antisodomy statutes, 200, 251-52, 280, 392,

418, 644, 667

 

Lawrence v. Texas strikes down, 348-51,

 

447

 

apartheid, 52, 54, 308

 

Apostolic Signatura (Vatican), 479

 

Apple Computer, 183

 

Apuzzo, Virginia, 11

 

Aravosis, John, 639

 

Arcus Foundation, 452-53

 

Argentina, 559

 

Arizona, 106, 412, 725

 

constitutional referendum, 460, 485, 501,

 

532

 

Arkansas Gay and Lesbian Task Force, 6

 

Arkansas Supreme Court, 4-5, 647-48,

727

 

Arkes, Hadley, 128-29, 146-49, 154,

156-57, 330

 

Arlington Group, 344, 348-75, 378-79,

382-84, 470, 484-85, 501

 

Arlington National Cemetery, 619

 

Armey, Dick, 157, 187-88, 338

 

Arthur, John, 720-21

 

Articles of Confederation, 539

 

Asbury Park, New Jersey, 377

 

Asch, Adrienne, 56

 

Ashton, Alan C., 506

 

Asian Americans, 327, 332,465, 542

 

Asness, Cliff, 562

 

Aspen, Colorado, 127

 

Aspen Institute, 431

 

assault-weapons ban, 142—43

 

Assembly of God, 132, 486

 

Associated Press (AP), 218, 235, 284, 327,

331, 347, 613, 625

 

Astraea Lesbian Foundation, 540, 543

 

Atkins, Toni, 473

 

Atlanta Fournal-Constitution, 142, 147

 

Atlantic, 460, 487, 560, 756

 

Atlantic Philanthropies, 444

 

Index | 873

 

Auclert, Hubertine, 398-99

 

Audacity of Hope, The (Obama), 677-78, 703

Austin American-Statesman, 183

 

Avery, Sean, 584

 

Axelrod, David, 640, 678

Bachelor, Dina, 9, 38

 

Badger, Doug, 155

 

Baehr, C. J, 23-25, 66, 748

 

Baehr, Ninia, 23-28, 30-31, 44, 63, 66,

69-70, 76, 78, 101, 393-94, 672-73,

738-41, 743, 746, 748-51

 

Baebr v. Anderson (formerly Baebr v. Lewin),

297, 742

 

Bachr v. Lewin (later Baebr v. Anderson; Baebr

2 Miike), 69-89, 93-104, 110, 113, 119,

146, 250-52, 261, 325, 393-95, 398-400,

402, 409-12, 414, 417, 422, 499, 648,

737-7, 750-53

 

Baebr v. Mitke (formerly Baebr v. Lewin),

168, 174, 177-80, 238-39, 244, 633

 

Bailey, Gloria, 309

 

Baim, Tracy, 677

 

Baker, Jack (Pat Lyn McConnell),

4549, 54

 

Baker, Kyle, 232

 

Baker, Stannard, 273-74, 284

 

Baker et al. v. State of Vermont, 272-94, 301,

303, 331

 

Baker v. Nelson, 49, 575, 635-36, 728

 

Bakker, Jim, 357

 

Bakker, Tammy Faye, 357

 

Balanced Budget Amendment, proposed,

144

 

Baldwin, Tammy, 583

 

Baltimore Sun, 738

 

Baptist Press, 367

 

Baptists, 132, 337

 

Barnes, Fred, 404

 

Barnes, Melody, 622

 

Barr, Bob, 141-58, 225

 

Barr, Gail, 142

 

Barrios, Jarrett, 299-300

 

Barron, David, 638

 

Barr-Sawyer, Jonathan, 248-49

 

Barr-Sawyer, Todd, 248-49

 

Barry, Marion, 59

 

Barwick, Paul, 54-55

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

874 | Index

 

Basic Rights Oregon, 549-53, 588, 601

 

Bassin, Ian, 641, 668

 

Batali, Mario, 584

 

Bateman, Lance, 745-46

 

Bauer, Bob, 670

 

Bauer, Gary, 134-35, 153, 186, 325, 347,

351-55, 361, 363-64, 368

 

Baxley, Mo, 579

 

Bay Windows, 155, 299

 

Bazelon, Emily, 309

 

Becerra, Xavier, 225

 

Beck, Nina, 274, 284

 

Belcher, Cornell, 678-9

 

Belden Russonello & Stewart, 444

 

Ben-Ami, Jeremy, 206, 211

 

Ben & Jerry’s, 183

 

Benedict XVI, Pope (Joseph Ratzinger),

480

 

Benenson, Joel, 685, 689

 

Bennett, Bill, 361

 

Bennett, Roberta, 7

 

Benson, Ezra Taft, 110

 

Berkshire Eagle, 306

 

Bernalillo, New Mexico, 377

 

Bernhardt, Bret, 156

 

Bernstein, Mary, 259

 

Bezos, Jeff, 611

 

Biden, Joe, 639-40, 688-89, 693-94

 

“Bill to Define ‚ÄòMarriage’ and ‚ÄòSpouse, A”

(Oliphant), 139

 

Binder, David, 523, 542

 

Biogen, 759

 

Bipartisan Legal Advisory Group, 699

 

Birch, Elizabeth, 13, 181-92, 196-99,

217-19, 232, 237-43, 433

 

Birmingham, Tom, 307

 

Black, Timothy, 721, 724

 

Black Ministerial Alliance, 327

 

Blackmun, Harry, 71-72, 361

 

Black Panthers, 39

 

Black's Law Dictionary, 279

 

Blackwell, Morton, 134, 144

 

Blanchard, Leslie, 57

 

Blankenhorn, David, 315-23, 328, 341-43,

545, 648-51, 655, 726

 

Bloomberg, Michael, 561, 611

 

Bloomberg News, 723

 

Blue Earth County, Minnesota, 48

 

Boehner, John, 157, 399, 699, 716

Bohnett, David, 452, 454

Boies, David, 628-34, 643-46, 650, 653,

656, 701-2, 714

Bolthouse Farms boycott, 567

Bonauto, Mary, 247-57, 266-67, 269,

272, 276, 282, 284, 291, 295-311, 417,

443-47, 617-25, 628-29, 641-42,

653-70, 721-24, 726, 730-33, 735

Gill and, 618, 621, 626, 629, 641, 653-59,

668, 722

Goodridge and, 304-11, 319, 375, 443, 618,

621, 653, 733

MacArthur Genius Grant and, 731

Obergefell and, 732-33

Pederson and, 659, 668

Windsor and, 658-59, 668, 670, 721-24,

730-31, 733

Bond, Brian, 213

Bonior, David, 225

Bono, Chastity, 185, 222

Bono, Sonny, 185, 222

Book of Mormon, 111

Book of Mormon, The (musical), 609

Booz Allen Hamilton, 684

Bork, Robert, 330-31, 373

“Born This Way” (song), 574

Boston, 298-300, 375

Boston Children’s Hospital, 274

Boston City Council, 248

Boston Globe, 248-49, 255, 305, 334, 358,

494, 610

Boston Herald, 298

“Boston marriages,” 8

Boswell, John, 405-6

Boulder, Colorado, 50, 127

Boutrous, Ted, 624, 626-27, 643

Bowers v. Hardwick, 66-67, 71, 128, 175,

348, 391, 418, 447, 713

Bay Meets Bay (TV show), 357

Boys & Girls Club of Colorado Springs,

430

Boy Scouts, 76, 394, 417-18

Boy Scouts of America v. Dale, 417-19

Bradley, Bill, 287, 420

Brandeis University, 327

Braschi case, 57-58, 444

Brause, Jay, 413-15

 

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| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 875

 

Brause v. Bureau of Vital Statistics, 297

 

Bravo (TV network), 357

 

Breyer, Stephen, 195

 

Brides, 357

 

Bridges, Rutt, 436

 

Brigham vs. State, 271

 

Brigham Young University, 111-12,

115-16, 324, 486, 500, 639

 

law school, 93, 95

 

Brigham Young University Law Review, 97

 

Brokeback Mountain (film), 481-82

 

Brom, Bishop Robert, 478-79

 

Brookline, Massachusetts, 298

 

Brooklyn (freighter), 503—4

 

Brown, Brian, 486-88, 528, 569-71

 

Brown, Henry, 665

 

Brown, Jerry, 193, 472, 662

 

Brown, Mark, 675

 

Brownback, Sam, 373, 635

 

Brown v. Board of Education, 703—4, 709,

731,735

 

Buddhism, 65, 67-68, 78-79

 

Buermeyer, Nancy, 240, 242-43

 

Buffalo, New York, 557

 

Build the Majority objective, 559

 

Bull, Chris, 126

 

Bulworth (film), 688

 

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms,

143

 

Burlington Free Press, 259, 264, 286

 

Burlington pride parade, 256, 264-65,

273

 

Burns, James S., 81-82, 85, 87-88

 

Burress, Phil, 128, 349, 355, 377-84

 

Bursch, John J., 732, 734-35

 

Busch, Michael E., 600

 

Buseck, Gary, 539-40

 

Bush, George H. W,, 6, 141, 163, 193, 317,

352-53, 635

 

Bush, George W., 15, 318, 323, 347,

352-56, 365-73, 378, 383-84, 387, 436,

439-10, 456, 480, 484, 550, 560, 626,

628, 635, 642, 675, 678, 706

 

Bush, Laura, 369

 

Bush, Linda, 440

 

Bush v. Gore, 628-29, 712

 

Business Leaders for the Freedom to

Marry, 583

 

Index | 875

 

Buttigieg, Pete, 759-60

BuzzFeed, 697,725

Cabaret (musical), 392

“Cabinet, the,” 452-59, 551, 555, 679

California, 50, 126, 133, 325, 412-13, 420,

422, 448-49, 463, 470-71, 475, 479, 494,

555,575

campaign finance and, 498

civil unions and, 470, 742

domestic partnerships and, 410, 463

marriages of 2004 and, 370-72

Perry and standing issue, 700-701

tax relief bill (2002), 470

California Against Hate “Dishonor Roll,”

567

California Conference of Catholic

Bishops, 479-82

California Constitution, 370, 403, 449,

470-71, 478-83

California Equality Project (/ater Let

California Ring), 464-65

California Fair Political Practices

Commission, 568

California Family Code, 420

California Family Council, 491

California Family Protection Act (2001),

335

Californians Against Hate, 497-98

California Proposition 6 (Briggs Initiative,

1978), 126, 508

California Proposition 8 (formerly

Marriage Protection Act, 2008),

488-511, 515-35, 541-43, 548-51,

566-68, 584, 591-95, 599, 605, 607, 609,

612, 629-30, 680, 743, 751. See also No

on 8 campaign (California); Yes on 8

campaign; specific cases

legal challenges to, 522, 623-24, 627-34,

637-38, 643-51, 655-56, 662, 700, 702,

FLO-15, 719

California Proposition 22 (Knight

Initiative, 2000), 420, 463-65, 469-76,

490-91, 496, 503, 519, 542-43, 548

struck down, 491-92, 508

California Proposition K, 476

California state legislature, 50, 335, 411,

420, 463, 466, 469

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

876 | Index

California Supreme Court, 278-79, 371, Catholic University, 349

469, 471-78, 488, 490-93, 495, 501, 508, School of Law, 5

535, 623-27, 700 Cayetano, Ben, 742

California Western School of Law, 396, CBS, 16, 112, 166, 628

424 CBS Evening News, 49

“Call, The” (prayer rally), 497, 510 Cellucci, Paul, 299

Cambridge, Massachusetts, 298-300, 375 Center for American Progress, 453, 687

Cameron, David, 707 LGBT Research and Communications

campaign finance, 7, 106, 161-62, 455, 458, Project, 683

542, 611 Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 141

Campaign for California Families, 470, Chamber of Commerce, 184

471, 472, 492 Chambers, David, 257

Campaign for Military Service, 163, 395, Chang, David, 584

423-24 Chang, Kevin, 239-40, 648, 739-41

Campaign for Working Families, 361 Chapel Hill-Chauncy Hall School, 250,

campaign in a box, 574 310

Campbell, David, 106 Charleston African Methodist Episcopal

Canada, 349, 480, 575, 658, 745 Church shootings, 753

Canady, Charles, 153-56 Checkers and Pogo (TV show), 22

Candidates’ Guide on How to Support Cheney, Dick, 354, 369

Marriage Equality, 540 Cheney, Mary, 369

Capek, Mary Ellen, 439, 547 Chenoweth, Helen, 144

Card, Orson Scott, 529 Cher, 185

Carlbom, Richard, 576-77, 581, 587, Chernaik, Melissa, 593

© 594-97, 612-13 Chibbaro, Lou, Jr., 208

Carney, Jay, 694 Chicago Sun-Times, 675

Carpenter, Dale, 575-76 Chico, Gery, 675

Carroll, Danny, 460 child custody, 248

Carter, Jimmy, 195, 420-21 children. See a/se adoption

Carton, Ellen, 448 California Proposition 8 and, 517,

“Case for Gay Marriage, The” (Sullivan), 524-25, 527, 591-93, 595

320, 405 lesbians and loss of, 170

Case for Marriage, The (Gallagher and Maine and, 595

Waite), 321 messaging on, 550, 581, 596, 604—7, 612

Caster, Terry, 489 New Family Structures study on, 651-52

Castleman, Dan, 603 Obergefell and, 733

Castner, Lynn, 47 Olson-Boies Perry suit and, 645-51

Cathcart, Kevin, 175, 393, 395, 425, same-sex marriage and, 343

449-50 Stand for Marriage Maine and, 530

Catholic Action League of Massachusetts, suspect-class doctrine and, 667

298, 299 Windsor and, 720

Catholic Church, 29, 40, 118-23, 132,134,  Childven’s Hour, The (Hellman), 45

240, 248, 258, 304, 324-25, 330, 338, child-support, 149, 327, 665

340, 347, 352, 405, 469, 474, 478-83, Chinese Community Church of

486-89, 497-500, 503, 505-6, 511, 528, Washington, 332

585, 600-601, 605, 610-11, 688-89 Chittenden County, Vermont, 272, 276,

Catholic Diocese of Portland, 530 303

Catholic Social Services, 39 Chong, Vanessa, 41, 43, 60, 62

 

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| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 877

 

Christian Coalition, 118, 125-26, 134, 147,

185

Christian conservatives. See religious

conservatives; specific denominations

Christianity, Social Tolerance, and

Homosexuality (Boswell), 405

Christian Reformed movement, 145

Christian Science Monitor, 120, 327

Christian Seniors Association, 349

Christie, Chris, 600, 724

church and state, separation of, 336-37

Churchill, Winston, 527

Church of the Nazarene, 118

Cillizza, Chris, 707

Cincinnati, 128, 195, 378-80

Cincinnati city charter, Article XII (1998),

380, 383

CitizenLink, 367

Citizens for Community Values, 128,

377-78, 380, 384

Citizens for Equal Protection, 624

Citizens United, 568

Civil Division (DOJ), 661, 722

civil marriage, 263-64, 274

Civil Marriage Collaborative, 439, 551,

578-80, 613

Civil Rights Act (1964), 161, 333, 676, 683,

760-61

Civil Rights Division (DOJ), 669

civil-rights law, 11, 87, 279-80, 397,

448-49

civil-rights movement, 17, 63, 170, 230,

315, 333, 389, 427, 465, 475, 735

civil-service regulations, 619

civil unions

ACLU and, 447-48, 656

California and, 335, 470, 474-75, 662,

742

Connecticut and, 486, 655

domestic partnerships vs., 463

Federal Marriage Amendment and, 335,

360-64, 373-74

Hawaii and, 742

Massachusetts and, 303, 365-67, 369,

371, 374

Minnesota and, 596

Nebraska and, 379

New Hampshire and, 578

 

Index | 877

 

New Jersey and, 487, 530, 724, 742

Obama and, 15-16, 675, 677, 710-11

Ohio and, 381

public opinion and, 553

same-sex marriage vs., 302-3, 310, 602-3

state constitutional amendments

banning, 384

10-10-10-20 plan and, 448, 533-34

Vermont and, 13, 275, 288-98, 301-3,

418-20, 446, 459, 602-3, 742

Windsor and Hollingsworth v. Perry and,

710-11

Civil War, 625, 665

Clackamas County, Maine, 592

Clark, Chris, 473-78, 496-97, 530

Clayton, James L., 498

Clement, Paul, 699-700, 715-17, 732

Cleveland Heights, Ohio, 381

Clinton, Bill, 3-7, 12, 135-39, 142-43, 147,

155-66, 190, 193, 197-219, 317, 352-53,

458, 558, 626, 679, 685, 694

DOMA and, 11-15, 140, 157-58, 161,

178-79, 204-19, 223-24, 220-38, 247,

410, 617, 663

Don’t Ask Don’t Tell and, 164, 197-98,

205, 209, 423, 636-37, 663

elections of 1992 and, 6-7, 126-27, 130,

193

elections of 1994 and, 178

elections of 1996 and, 3, 131, 194-98,

215-16, 219-20, 236-37

Clinton, Hillary Rodham, 6, 676, 680,

708

Club for Growth, 486-87

CNN, 192, 199, 516, 573, 690, 706, 753

Coakley, Martha, 654

Coalition for Equality in New Mexico,

439

Coalition for Marriage, 606

Cohen, Bruce, 623

Cohen, Steve (Cuomo aide), 558

Cohen, Steven A. (head of SAC), 562-63

Colbert, Stephen, 527

Coleman, Thomas, 410-12

Coles, Matt, 58, 301-2, 441-50, 462, 517,

532, 534, 536-40, 555, 621, 625, 628,

631, 633-34, 656-57, 669, 701

Colicchio, Tom, 584

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

878 | Index

 

Colorado, 50, 201, 205, 439, 533, 725

ballot questions of 2006, 452

elections of 2004, 436-37

 

Colorado Amendment 2 (1992), 127-29,

148, 155-56, 195-96, 380, 428-29, 433,

654, 657, 667, 713

 

Colorado Civil Rights Commission, 757

 

Colorado College, 429

 

Colorado Court of Appeals, 757

 

Colorado Families First, 437

 

Colorado for Family Values, 128, 378

 

Colorado Springs, 378, 430

 

Colorado state election board, 437

 

Colorado state legislature, 435-39, 452

 

Colson, Charles, 363, 364, 372

 

Columbia Law School, 658

 

Columbus Dispatch, 381, 706-7

 

Comey, James B., 707

 

Commerce Department, 166

 

Common Sense America, 487

 

Common Sense Now, 114

 

“compelling state interest,” 664-65

 

Concerned Women for America, 133, 334,

337, 339, 358, 360, 378, 470

 

Condé Nast, 357

 

“conflicted” voters, 591, 597-98

 

Congregation for the Doctrine of the

Faith, 480

 

Congressional Budget Office, 687

 

Congressional Research Service,

American Law Division, 137-38

 

Connecticut, 529, 578, 659

 

Connecticut Supreme Court, 486, 621,

624, 655-56

 

Connolly, Thomas, 307

 

Connor, Ken, 334-36, 338, 353, 360

 

Connors v. Boston, 298-300

 

Conservative Leaders mailing list, 144

 

Conservative Political Action Conference,

147

 

Considerations Regarding... Legal Recognition

to Unions Between Homosexual Persons

(Vatican), 480

 

contraception, 45, 67,95, 478, 481, 590,

688, 691

 

Contract with America, 142-44

 

“conversations challenge campaign,”

593-98, 603-4, 613

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 878

 

Conway, Kellyanne, 484

Cook County, Illinois, 727

Coolidge, David Orgon, 325-30, 364

Cooper, Chuck, 632-33, 644-50,

712-13

Coral Ridge Ministries, 355, 357

Cordileone, Salvatore, 478-83, 488-89,

497

Cornell University, 668

Cornyn, John, 343, 359, 636

Corporate Equality Index, 184, 568

corporations, 355, 430, 567-68

boycotts of, 346

domestic-partner benefits and, 183-84,

201, 346

gay-friendly ratings and, 184

Corrigan, Carol A., 490

Corzine, Jon, 530

Council for National Policy (CNP),

131-35

Council on Families in America, 320

Council on Foreign Relations, 133

Couples, Inc., 9, 38

Courage Campaign, 522, 535

covenant marriage laws, 317

Cowin, Judith, 311

Cox, Barbara, 396, 424

Cox News, 88

Craig, Charlie, 757-58

Craig, Gregory, 638

Craig, Larry, 140

Cramer, Dan, 594, 598

Crawford, Michael, 684

Crest boycott, 380

Crews, Ronald, 306, 485

“Critical Analysis of Constitutional

Claims for Same-Sex Marriage, A”

(Wardle), 98

Cronkite, Walter, 49

Cruz, Ted, 755

Cuomo, Andrew, 558-66, 570, 600, 608,

685

Cuomo, Mario, 558

Cushing, William, 309

 

Daddy's Wedding (Willhoite), 508

Dade County (Florida) Metro

Commission, 35

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 879

 

Daily Herald, 676

Daily Oklaboman, 414

Dale, James, 417-19

Dancel, Genora, 21-31, 63, 66, 69-71, 76,

78, 672, 738-51

Daniels, Matt, 327-41, 350, 358, 360-61,

366, 373, 485, 501

Dannenfelser, Marty, 136, 138

Darden, Buddy, 142, 147

Dart, Justin, 230

Dartmouth College, 328

Davidson, Jon, 395, 623, 626, 708

Davies, Linda, 309

Davis, Denia, 412

Davis, Fred, 141, 148

Davis, Kim, 755

Dayton, Mark, 576

DDB Worldwide, 466

Dean, Craig, 58-59

Dean, Howard, 275, 286-91, 294, 296, 368,

418, 675

Dean v. DC, 59

death penalty, 308, 544

Deaton, Tyler, 707

DeBoer, April, 720

DeBoer v. Snyder, 720-26

Decatur Herald and Review, 746

Declaration of Independence, 220, 539

“Decline to Sign” campaign, 306-7

deep canvassing, 525

Defense Department (Pentagon), 163, 423,

478. See also military

Don’t Ask Don’t Tell and, 662-63

Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA, 1996),

247, 252, 265-66, 287, 289, 320, 324,

359, 379, 416, 436, 546, 551, 608, 673,

739

ACLU and, 443, 658

Arlington Group and, 349, 379

attempt to repeal or doom, 617—22

Barr and Nickles bills in House and

Senate and, 140-57, 336

Boies/Olson Perry suit and, 629-30

Bonauto’s desire to challenge, 298

Bonauto’s Gill suit vs., 618-23, 625,

628-29, 653-55, 661

Bush II and, 372

Democrats and, 692

 

Index | 879

 

enactment and signing of, under Clinton,

LI-L5, 157-61, 204-38, 410

federal benefits and taxes and, 618-20,

681

federal cases and, 668-69, 699

federalism problem and, 716

foreign marriages and, 334

Freedom to Marry and goal of repealing,

544

full-faith-and-credit issues and, 334

Human Rights Campaign and, 440

Massachusetts v. HHS suit and, 654-55

Obama’s evolution and, 536, 628, 638-42,

654-55, 661-71, 676, 680-81

Obama stops defending, in 2011, 15-16,

682, 684, 686

Obergefell and, 728-38

Pederson and, 659

repeal efforts of 2009-2012, 559, 608,

680-81, 687

Section II and III and, 252-53, 620-22

Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on,

343

Smelt and, 680

Sobelsohn foresees passage of,

178-79

strict scrutiny question and, 665-68

Supreme Court strikes down, 719-22

test case vs., 253

Windsor and Hollingsworth v. Perry and

658-59, 670, 699-722

Wolfson and fight vs., 423, 620

DeGeneres, Ellen, 189, 684

DeLay, Tom, 157, 372

Delery, Stuart, 668-69, 671, 722

Dellinger, Walter, 207

DeLotelle, Howard Lee, 42

Democracy Project, 435

Democratic Attorneys General

Association, 454, 669

Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party, 595

Democratic Governors Association,

454

Democratic Legislative Campaign

Committee, 454

Democratic National Committee, 194,

196, 201-2, 209, 213, 231, 424, 437, 549,

559, 680, 689

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

880 | Index

Democratic National Convention Dole, Robert, 13, 130-31, 134-41, 152,

1992, 130 156-57, 166, 180-82, 185, 218-19, 226,

1996, 220 236, 352

2012, 559, 697 “DOMA Stories” (GLAD booklet), 629

2016, 759 Domestic Partners Benefits and

“Democrats for Domestic Partnership” Obligations Act, proposed, 680

(Coleman), 410 domestic partnerships, 27

Democrats’ “Say I Do” petition, 692 ACLU and, 62, 444, 656

DeMoss, Mark, 502 Boston and, 248, 298-99

Denmark, 26 California and, 463-64, 490-91, 644

Dennis, Kathryn, 746-48 Colorado and, 452

Denver, Colorado, 127 corporations and, 183-84, 201-2, 206,

Deseret News, 105—6, 108, 501, 529 346, 746

Des Moines, Iowa, 459 District of Columbia and, 180, 193

Des Moines School Board, 125 Family and Medical Leave Act and,

Destro, Robert, 349 137-38

Deutsch, Jo, 692 Federal Marriage Amendment and,

Devlin, Bill, 332 361

DiLone, Jeanette, 341-42 health insurance and, 172

DiLorenzo, Francis X., 119-20 In ve Marriage Cases and, 491

Dinkins, David, 429 LGBT opposition to, 58

Dinwoodie, Becky, 242 marriage movement and, 322

disability movement, 11 Massachusetts and, 298-303, 307, 619

discrimination, anti- LGBT. See also New York City and, 404

© employment discrimination, specific public colleges and, 381

statutes and types public opinion and, 243, 553

on basis of marital status, 250 same-sex marriage vs., 625

Colorado and, 127, 428, 452 state constitutional amendments

DOMA and, 639 banning, 384

domestic partnership and, 62 10-10-10-20 plan and, 448, 533-34

Hawaii and, 72, 81-82, 86-89 Vermont and, 283, 287, 290-92

military and, 164 Washington State and, 602

right to marry and, 391 West Hollywood and, 27, 401-2

same-sex marriage prohibition as, Windsor and Hollingsworth v. Perry and,

56-58 711

statutes banning, 10, 35, 446 Wolfson-Coleman debate on,

U.S. congressional staff and 165 410-11

Vermont ban on, 256 Domestic Policy Council, 206

Washington, DC, and, 59 Donahue, Jimmy, 34

workplace, 5 Don’t Ask Don’t Tell, 163-65, 175, 179,

Disney Company, 346 195-98, 205, 209, 636-37, 679-80

divorce, 292, 327, 329, 494 repealed, 663-64, 682-83, 695

no-fault, 93, 222, 317, 320, 481 Dooley, John, 277, 283-84

Dobson, James, 325, 336-38, 347, 356, 360, Dorf, Michael, 668

479 Dorsey, Jack, 684

Dodd-Frank Act (2010), 710 Dow, 759

Doe v. Bolton, 362 Doyle, C. J., 298

Doherty, William, 321, 323 DP Lobby Day, 299, 302

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 880 & Bit 1:11 pw | |

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 881

 

Dred Scott v. Sandford, 372, 625, 637, 665,

754

Dreher, Rod, 757

due-process rights, 80, 656-57

job discrimination and, 47

Obama and, 666

Obergefell and, 752

Duffy, John-Charles, 102

Duffy, Michael T., 250

Dugan, Gene, 414-15

Dukakis, Michael, 247, 421, 458

Duncan, Arne, 694

Duncan, William C., 500

Dunlap, Victoria, 371

Dunn, Loren, 114-22

Duran, John, 490

“duty to defend,” 638, 661, 663-64, 668

Eagle Forum, 5, 362

Earhart, Tim, 34

Earnest, Josh, 708

East Clairemont Southern Baptist Church,

473, 477

Eastern Orthodox Church, 499

Education Department, 166

Edwards, John (U.S. senator), 382

Edwards, John (Vermont representative),

288, 293-94

Egan, Patrick, 541—42

Eichor, Rick, 239, 648, 740

eight-state solution, 710, 715, 732

8: The Mormon Proposition (documentary

film), 609

Eisenhower, Dwight, 709

elections

of 1968, 501

of 1976, 420

of 1980, 421

of 1988, 118, 457-58

of 1992, 3-4, 6, 126-27, 130, 142, 192-94,

202

of 1994, 126, 141, 146, 167, 174, 177-78,

182-83, 187

of 1996, 3, 12-13, 125, 130-31, 135-36,

141, 147-48, 155, 179-81, 190, 192-97,

204, 209, 212, 215-16, 219-20, 226,

236-37, 240-42, 352, 741

of 1998, 243, 287, 420

 

Index | 881

 

of 2000, 287-88, 296-97, 302, 352, 420,

434, 438, 628

of 2002, 347

of 2004, 355, 368, 372-74, 382-85, 436,

439-40, 452, 456-57, 480, 560, 675-78,

710

of 2006, 458-60, 484, 556

of 2007, 487-88

of 2008, 484, 493, 495, 502-3, 510-11,

515-16, 622, 636, 677-80, 682, 689

of 2009, 531, 535, 538

of 2010, 493, 531, 543, 557-59, 571, 575,

660, 663, 683

of 2012, 529, 543, 559, 570, 576-78,

583-614, 684-98, 725

of 2014, 570

of 2016, 16, 725, 754-55

of 2020, 16, 759-60

electoral college, 383

Eleveld, Kerry, 664, 667, 681, 685

Elliott Management, 560-61

Ellis, Kevin, 289-90

Elman, Philip, 704

Emanuel, Rahm, 235

Embry, Cheryl, 36-37, 76

EMILY’s List, 427

Emmer, Tom, 568

Empire State Pride Agenda, 196, 212, 395,

413, 425-26, 556-57, 560

employment discrimination, 10, 161, 200,

224, 430

attempt to pass ban on, 166

Baker-McConnell case and, 46-48

California and, 126

Hawaii and, 23, 28, 40, 100-101

Massachusetts and, 247

nondiscrimination laws and, 726

U.S. Congress and, 165-66

Employment Non-Discrimination Act

(ENDA, 1994), 166-67, 175, 178,

223-24, 226-30, 232, 683, 758

Empower America, 361

Enemies of Evos, The (Gallagher), 320

Energy Department, 166

Enright, Janice, 210, 213

Enron, 661

environmentalists, 437, 604

Episcopal Church, 357

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

882 | Index

 

Equality Act, proposed, 758, 760

Equality California, 464-66, 522, 535, 543,

567, 588

Equality California Institute, 543

Equality Hawaii, 744

Equality Mlinois, 674

Equality Maine, 581, 587

Equality Maryland, 600-601

Equality Michigan, 721

Equality New Mexico, 547

Equality Summit ‘09, 518-20

Equality Virginia, 458

equal-protection rights, 396, 603, 656-57

California and, 471

Hawaii and, 86-87, 89, 103

Montana and, 749

Obama and, 665-67

Obergefell and, 732,752

tiered scrutiny and, 665-67

Windsor and, 700, 715-16

US. Constitution and, 71-72, 74, 80,

396

Equal Rights, Not Special Rights

Committee, 125, 380

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), 5, 106,

114, 118, 133, 146, 269

Ervin, Sam J., Jr, 5

Esseks, James, 532, 537, 624-25, 646-47,

656, 658-59, 724

Ethics and Public Policy Center, 325, 330

Ettelbrick, Paula, 171-74, 256-58, 392-95,

402, 408, 413-14

evangelicals, 6, 106, 112, 118, 125, 132,

134, 145, 152, 327, 335-37, 345, 347,

351-53, 361, 369, 430, 473-79, 482-85,

491, 495-502, 505, 510-11, 530, 635,

644. See also religious conservatives

ExxonMobil, 684

 

Facebook, 596, 757

Fairfax, California, 472

Fall Out Boy, 507

Falwell, Jerry, 33, 134, 347, 356

family

broader definition of, 257

decline of, 327

Family and Medical Leave Act (1993),

137-38, 716

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 882

 

“Family: A Proclamation to the World,

The” (LDS), 108

Family First Agenda, 320

Family Institute of Connecticut, 486

family law, 170, 328-29

Family Law Notes, 93

Family Policy, 137

Family Research Council (FRC), 134-38,

152-53, 186, 334-38, 344, 351, 353-54,

358-61, 367, 371,470, 571

family values, 117, 120, 142, 180, 215, 316,

320, 478

Farber, Daniel A., 666

Farnham, Lois, 273-74

Farris, Michael, 374

Fatherless America (Blankenhorn), 317

fatherlessness, 327, 329, 340-41, 344

Fauntroy, Walter, 333, 341

Faust, Sonia, 72-73, 80-82, 87

federal administrative law, 619

federal benefits, 214, 353, 619-20, 629,

639, 670

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI),

145, 500, 707

Federal Communications Commission

(FCC), 23

Federal Emergency Management Agency

(FEMA), 402

federal employees, same-sex partner

benefits, 641

Federal Housing Administration, 200

federal judiciary, 536, 667-68. See also US.

Court of Appeals; U.S. Supreme Court,

specific cases

ACLU three-phase timeline and, 447,

624-26

DOMA cases of 2012 and, 699-700

Olson and Boies suit launched in, 626-31

Smelt and, 637-38

federal laws, number using “marriage” and

“spouse,” 151

Federal Marriage Act (proposed), 360

Federal Marriage Amendment (proposed),

15, 319, 326-41, 344, 349-55, 358-69,

372-75, 378-79, 382, 384, 387, 436, 440,

444-46, 456, 470, 482, 484, 500-501,

546, 551, 560, 622, 678, 707, 756

federal pensions, 151

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 883

 

Federal Reserve, 200

 

Feingold, Russ, 344

 

Feinstein, Dianne, 228, 509-10

 

Feldblam, Chai, 162, 166, 175, 177, 195,

206, 223-24

 

feminists, 27, 171-72, 248, 256, 259-60,

317, 390, 402, 403, 437

 

Field Institute, 493

 

Fight Back New York, 557-58, 565

 

Finkelstein, Arthur, 132

 

Finneran, Thomas, 299

 

firefighters, death benefits and, 353

 

First Amendment, 498, 605, 611, 755

 

First Amendment Defense Act (proposed),

 

756-77

First Ever Mass Gay Divorce, 407

First Federated Church (Des Moines),

124-25, 130-31

First Things symposium, 330

First Unitarian Church of Honolulu, 672

Fisher, Jeffrey, 730

Fitzpatrick, Keith, 620

Flanagan, Ed, 296

Fleischer, Ari, 351

Fleischer, Dave, 519-26, 532

Fleming, Michael, 454

Flint, Jeff, 492-93, 505, 508-10, 602, 607

Florida, 35, 106, 153, 412, 448

elections of 2000 and, 352, 628

Florida circuit court, 647—48

Focus on the Family, 134, 327, 333, 336—

38, 351, 356-57, 366, 371, 379-80, 383

Fois, Andrew, 207-8

Foley, Dan, 63-85, LOL, 168, 23944, 253,

296, 394-95, 404, 409, 411, 624, 737-413,

747-48, 751-53

Foley, Tom, 164-65, 187

Ford, Gerald, 545

Ford Foundation, 425, 427

Foreman, Matt, 440

Fort DeRussy, 37

Fortune 500, 184

Foster, Henry, 135

foster parents, 54, 248, 647

Fourteenth Amendment, 662, 703, 733

due-process clause, 47, 80, 271, 656-57,

666, 752

equal-protection clause, 71, 271, 665, 733

 

Index | 883

 

Obergefell and, 737

tiered scrutiny and, 665-67

Fox, Christine, 397

Fox News, 697

Fox TV network, 28

Frandsen, Russell, 504

Frank, Barney, 164, 166, 175, 180, 182,

186-91, 194, 204, 218, 221-26, 237, 247,

398, 406, 731

Frazzini, Jeana, 588, 601

Free Congress Foundation, 352

“Freedom” campaign ad, 236-37

Freedom to Marry (post-2009) 543-55,

558-59, 570, 573-614, 684, 689-90, 692,

707, 725, 726, 750

Freedom to Marry (video), 266, 273

Freedom to Marry Coalition (pre-2009),

158, 267, 269, 387, 403-4, 415, 426, 450,

463, 466, 539-43

Freedom to Marry Foundation, 439

FR.EE. (Fight Repression of Erotic

Expression), 47

Frickey, Philip P., 666

Friedman, Bernard, 720-21, 726

Friends and Family program, 596

Friends of Hawaii Equal Rights Marriage

Project, 741

Frist, Bill, 351, 354, 358-59, 373, 382

Frontiers, 515

Frontline (TV show), 318

Frye, Donna, 472, 474

full-faith-and-credit clause, 13, 124, 149,

152-53, 207, 214, 252, 334, 376, 379, 398

Alito on, 635

DOMA and, 156, 620-21

Netherlands and, 334

fundamentalists, 133-34, 485

Future of the Marriage Movement

conference (Osprey Point, 2003),

318-21

Future Shock (documentary film), 8

 

Gabbard, Carol, 113, 745

 

Gabbard, Mike, 112-14, 123-25, 240, 243,

378, 741, 744-45

 

Gabbard, Tulsi, 745

 

“Gala with the Gay Community”

(Sheraton, 2011), 685-87

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

884 | Index

 

Gallagher, John, 126

 

Gallagher, Maggie, 320-23, 340-46,

364-65, 483-88, 531, 545, 566, 569-70,

608-9, 648, 651-52, 655, 725

 

Gallup polls, 502, 574, 685, 688

 

Galston, Bill, 317

 

Gang of Four, 436-37, 452

 

Gansler, Douglas, 670

 

“Garden Wedding” ad, 542-43

 

Garff, Ken, 567

 

Garlow, Jim, 476-78, 482, 495-97, 510

 

Garrow, David J., 672

 

Gates, Bill, 611

 

Gates, Robert, 637

 

“Gathering Storm” ads, 527-28, 569

 

Gawker, 631

 

Gay Activists Alliance, 169

 

Gay and Lesbian Activist Alliance, 341

 

Gay and Lesbian Advocacy Association,

40-41

 

Gay & Lesbian Advocates and Defenders

(GLAD), 168, 247-54, 261, 266, 269,

298-305, 308, 310, 425, 439, 444, 535,

539, 580, 588, 617-19, 621, 629, 653,

659, 670, 700, 722

 

Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against

Defamation, 441

 

Gay and Lesbian Community Center

(Honolulu), 27, 32

 

Gay and Lesbian Education

Association, 77

 

Gay and Lesbian Fund for Colorado, 430,

435

 

Gay and Lesbian Lawyers Association of

Florida, 210

 

Gay and Lesbian Pride Week (Hawaii),

34, 37-38

 

Gay and Lesbian Utah Democrats, 397

 

Gay City News, 440-41, 540, 544

 

Gay Community News, 33, 36-37, 42

 

Gay Insider, The (Hunter), 401

 

Gay Liberation Front, 39

 

gay liberation movement, 260

 

Gay Marriage Project, 43, 76

 

“Gay Marriages: Make them Legal”

(Stoddard), 392

 

Gay Men’s Health Crisis (New York), 402,

426

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 884

 

gay-pride parades. See Pride parades

 

Gay Rights, Special Rights (video), 127

 

“Gays and Marriage” (Milwaukee Journal

series), 9

 

Geffen, David, 431

 

Gejdenson, Sam, 225

 

gender discrimination, 31, 394, 666

 

sexuality discrimination vs., 86

 

gender equality movement, 11

 

gender roles, traditional, 317

 

General Accounting Office, 228

 

General Electric, 746

 

GeoCities, 452

 

George, Robert, 330, 338, 372-73, 485-86,

528, 651

 

Georgetown University Law School, 162,

175, 373

 

Georgia, 51, 66, 147, 200, 348, 759

 

Georgia constitutional amendment (2004),

384

 

Georgia Democratic Party, 147

 

Georgia Gay Political Action Committee,

147

 

Georgia Republican Party, 141-42, 147,

153

 

Georgia Right to Life, 147

 

Gephardt, Dick, 225, 227, 675

 

GetEQUAL, 680

 

Gibbs, Robert, 688

 

Gibbs, Susan, 329

 

GI Bill, 45

 

Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher, 409, 624, 627

 

Gifford, Rufus, 678, 680, 697

 

Gilbert, Richard, 625

 

Gilgoff, Dan, 336

 

Gill, Nancy, 618, 621

 

Gill, Robert, 58-59

 

Gill, Tim, 14, 16, 428-39, 451-60, 463,

487, 551, 555-57, 571, 669, 694

 

Gill Action Fund, 455-61, 463, 538, 540,

555, 560-61, 570, 583

 

Gillespie, Ed, 365

 

Gill Foundation, 430, 432-42, 445, 448,

450-61, 464, 516, 578

 

Gill v. Office of Personnel Management,

618-21, 625, 629, 641, 653-56, 658-59,

661, 664, 668, 722

 

Gingrich, Candace, 185

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 885

 

Gingrich, Newt, 142-44, 147, 152, 157,

185, 187-89, 220, 352

 

Ginsburg, Ruth Bader, 418, 715-16,

727-28

 

Glasser, Ira, 52, 62

 

Glendon, Mary Ann, 330

 

Glezman, Chasten, 759

 

Glynn, Mary Ellen, 236

 

Goeglein, Tim, 352, 354

 

Gold, Deeg, 407

 

Goldberg, Suzanne, 169-72

 

Golden Report, 694, 697

 

Golden Rule, 587, 604, 744

 

Goldfarb, Stephen M,, 47

 

Goldwater, Barry, 224

 

Gompers, Samuel, 186

 

Good Morning America, 695

 

Goodridge, Annie, 305

 

Goodridge, Hilary, 304-5, 375, 494

 

Goodridge, Julie, 304-5, 375, 494

 

Goodridge v. Department of Public Health,

305-11, 319, 321-23, 333, 342, 349, 359,

364-69, 375, 379, 443, 454, 479, 484-85,

494, 532, 588, 618, 621, 653, 675, 733

 

Goodyear, 550

 

Gore, Al, 208-10, 212, 219, 230, 234, 287,

317, 420, 628

 

Gorelick, Jamie, 166

 

Gorsuch, Neil, 760-61

 

Goslant, Keith, 266

 

Gossett, Charles W,, 493

 

Gracey, Lila, 431

 

Graff, E. J., 463

 

Graham, Billy, 475-76

 

Grainger, Katherine, 563

 

Grassley, Charles, 635-36, 682

 

Grassroots Solutions, 594

 

Graulty, Rey, 114, 240

 

Gravel, Mike, 678

 

Gray, Michael, 581, 585

 

Greaney, John, 310-11

 

Greater Boston Business Council, 249

 

Green, Joshua, 460

 

Greenberg Quinlan Rosner, 552

 

Greenstein, Linda, 487

 

Gregoire, Christine, 600

 

Gregorian University (Rome), 479

 

Gregory, David, 693

 

Index | 885

 

Gregory, Sasha, 34

 

Gregson, Terry, 32, 38

 

Griffin, Chad, 623-32, 643, 702

 

Grinnell College, 460

 

Grisolano, Larry, 691

 

Griswold v. Connecticut, 95

 

Groundhog Day memo (Zepatos), 517, 524,

549

 

Grove, Lisa, 550, 553-54, 574, 581,

592-94, 596, 604, 612, 692

 

Grunn, Robert, 721

 

Guam, 424

 

Guerriero, Patrick, 456-58

 

Guest, Michael, 353

 

Gunderson, Steve, 225-26

 

Gussis, Chrysanthe, 200-201

 

Gutierrez, Luis, 225

 

gym memberships, 399

Haas, Evelyn and Walter, Jr. Fund, 422,

425-26, 540

 

Haft, Marilyn, 49

 

Hallman, Dan, 118

 

Hallstrom, Don, 102, 117, 122-23

 

Halpern v. The Attorney General of Canada, 349

 

Hamer, Dean, 88

 

Hammer, Christopher, 625, 637-38

 

Hansen, Reese, 93, 94

 

Hara, Dean, 619-20

 

Hardwick, Michael, 51, 418

 

Hare Krishna movement, 112

 

Harkin, Tom, 193

 

Harlan, John Marshall, 665

 

Harlem, 8

 

“Harm Kids Attack” ads, 592

 

Harrigan, Peter, 273-74

 

Harris, Kamala, 662

 

Harris, Martin, 111

 

Harris, Neil Patrick, 686

 

Hartmann, Debi, 115, 119, 122, 243

 

Hartnett, Kathleen, 662-64

 

Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law

Review, 673

 

Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review, 190

 

Harvard Law Review, 673

 

Harvard University, 183, 308-9, 405

 

Law School, 61, 207, 330, 390-92, 421,

 

426, 536

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

886 | Index

 

Harvey Milk Democratic Club, 402

 

Hastert, Dennis, 358

 

Hatalsky, Lanae Erickson, 550-52

 

Hatch, Orrin, 5, 174-75, 223-24, 362

 

hate crimes, 180, 228, 348, 423, 446, 452,

636

 

Hate Crime Statistics Act (1990), 224

 

Hattoy, Bob, 194, 208

 

Hawaii, 11, 13, 15, 27-36, 40, 58, 60-64,

67,97, 100-105, 110, 112-20, 123-24,

128-30, 137, 145-49, 151, 154, 174-75,

178-79, 192, 199, 207, 221, 238-42,

250-53, 261, 264-67, 303-4, 315,

324-25, 349, 371, 378-79, 395, 398-412,

417, 419, 422, 425, 438, 444, 460, 463,

469, 499, 508, 537, 584, 620, 624, 633,

648, 672-73, 717, 737-51. See also Baebr

v. Lewin (later Baehr v. Anderson; Baebr v.

Miike)

 

elections of 1996, 240-42

 

Hawaii AIDS Task Force, 76

 

Hawaii Amendment 2 (1998), 243-44, 253,

277, 379, 415, 417, 420, 433, 742-43

 

Hawaiian Act 2 (1991), 72

 

Hawaii Board of Education, 115, 119,

745

 

Hawaii Catholic Congress, 119

 

Hawati Catholic Herald, 325

 

Hawaii circuit court, 102-5

 

Hawaii Civil Rights Commission, 64

 

Hawaii Civil Rights/Sexual Orientation

Commission, 42

 

Hawaii Civil Unions Act, 742-46

 

Hawaii Commission on Sexual

Orientation and the Law, 120, 129, 179,

200, 241

 

Hawaii Constitution, 67, 80-81, 89, 99,

112, 121-22, 167, 240, 243

 

Hawaii Constitutional Convention

(1978), 67

 

Hawaii Democratic Party, 32

 

Hawaii Equal Rights Marriage Project

(HERMP), 77, 241, 425, 673, 739

 

Hawaii First strategy, 412, 415

 

Hawaii Health Department, 31, 40, 44-45,

61, 65, 67, 69, 77, 743, 747

 

Hawaii Intermediate Court of Appeals,

742

 

Hawaii Marriage Equality Act (2013),

744-46, 749

 

Hawaii Marriage Equality Day (2012), 743

 

“Hawaii Marriage Issue,” 146, 148‚Äî49

 

Hawaii Public Affairs Council, 110

 

Hawaii Reciprocal Beneficiaries Program

(1997), 741-42, 746

 

Hawaii Revised Statutes, 65

 

Hawaii’s Alliance for Equal Rights, 241

 

“Hawaii’s Assault on Matrimony” (Family

Policy), 137

 

Hawaii’s Future Today, 120-23, 240, 243,

324

 

Hawaii state legislature, 29, 32, 62, 73, 103,

112-15, 117, 119-22, 129, 200, 240-43,

253, 296, 411, 419, 741, 744-45

 

Hawaii Supreme Court 68, 78-89,

93-94, 96, 98, 100-101, 112-13, 167-68,

174-75, 178-80, 239, 243-44, 255-57,

283, 297, 394-95, 414, 422, 603, 7354,

747-48, 750-52

 

Hawaii United for Marriage, 744

 

Hayashi, Yoshimi, 85-87

 

Head Start, 318

 

Healey, Maura, 654

 

Health and Human Services Department,

318

 

health insurance, 5, 26-27, 44, 172, 249,

255, 298, 618, 688

 

Healthy Marriage Initiative, 318

 

Heather Has Two Mommies (Newman), 113

 

Hedgecock, Roger, 476

 

Heen, Walter M., 81, 85, 87-88

 

Height, Dorothy, 230

 

Hellman, Lillian, 45

 

Helms, Jesse, 133, 224, 362

 

Hennepin County, Minnesota, 46-48, 575

 

Henning, John, 523

 

“Here Comes the Groom” (Sullivan), 405

 

Herek, Gregory, 594

 

Heritage Foundation, 125, 368

 

Herrera, Dennis J., 472

 

Hesse, Monica, 528

 

Hibbard, Karen, 258

 

Higgins, Kitty, 200

 

Hill, Ellen, 265

 

Hillcrest business community, 473-74

 

Hilton, Perez, 528

 

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Hinckley, Gordon B., 108-10, 114, 119,

501, 503

Hiris, Lori, 749-50

Hirchito, Emperor of Japan, 65

Hispanic Americans, 127, 225, 332, 557

Hitt, Scott, 6, 233

Hoag, Jack, 115, 122

Hochberg, Fred, 178, 427

Hochberg, Jim, 100-101

Ho Chi Minh, 617

Hoffman, Doug, 531

Hofmann, Mark, 111

Holder, Eric, 671, 702, 710, 722, 731

Holland, Jeffrey, 529

Holland, Matthew, 486, 528-29

Hollings, Fritz, 227

Hollingsworth, Dennis, 700-701, 708

Hollingsworth v. Perry, 700-720, 723. See

also Perry v. Schwarzenegger

home mortgages, 200, 273

Home School Legal Defense Association,

333, 374

homosexuality

ACLU and, as term, 53

as choice, vs. biology, 51, 53, 73-75,

80-81, 88

Christian Coalition vs., 126

Colorado Amendment 2 and, 127

destigmatization of, 357

DOMA and moral disapproval of, 639

Gabbard vs., in Hawaii, 112-14

Institute of American Values and, 319

Mormon (LDS) Church and, 111-12,

117-18

Oregon Measure 9 and, 127

Perry suit and, 632, 644

public opinion on, 493

science-based messaging on, 573-74

Vatican on, 480, 505

Honolulu, 15, 21, 23-46, 58-77, 93,

112-16, 119-21, 129, 324-25, 393-94

Honolulu Advertiser, 30, 34-35, 43, 75, 113,

240, 745-46

Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 75, 122, 242

Hooking Up, Hanging Out and Hoping for Mr.

Right (Blankenhorn), 318

Hoover, Margaret, 562, 564

Hormel, James, 353, 425, 427, 452

 

Index | 887

 

Horn, Bill, 124-25, 130, 192

Horn, Steve, 232

Horn, Wade, 317, 318

hospital visitation rights, 27, 54, 151, 170,

402, 677

Hostettler, John, 359

Housing and Urban Development

Department, 200

housing discrimination, 10, 161, 247

Houston Chronicle, 367

ARC Quarterly, 190, 295

Huckabee, Mike, 755

Huff, Christine, 250, 310

Hugo, Julie, 41, 43

Hula’s Bar & Lei Stand, 34, 35, 37

Hull, Blair, 675

Human Events, 360

Human Life Amendment (proposed), 362

Human Rights Campaign Fund (/ater

Human Rights Campaign, HRCF;

HRC)

California and, 464-65, 517, 528

Clinton and, 7, 13, 162-64, 194-98,

219-20, 232, 236

Coles’s 10-10-10-20 group and, 446, 462

congressional workplace discrimination

and, 165-66

corporations and, 568

DOMA and, 13, 204-7, 212, 217-29, 232,

236, 440

early history and political influence of,

161-67

elections of 2012 and, 583

ENDA and, 223-24, 226-30, 232

Federal Marriage Amendment fight and,

333

Gill and, 430, 433-34, 453-54

GOP in Congress and, 180-91

Hawaii and, 167, 174, 178, 240-43, 250,

744

Hillary Clinton and, 708

marriage issue and, 192-93

movement leaders vs., 440-42, 457-58

nightmare scenario of 1994 and, 250

Obama and, 674-81, 686

political donations and, 457-58

state campaigns and, 347 382, 422-25,

560, 578, 599, 601-2, 606, 609

 

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888 | Index

 

Human Rights Campaign Fund (/ater

Human Rights Campaign; HRCF;

HRC) (continued)

 

transgendered people and, 759

 

Vermont civil unions and, 295

 

Windsor and Hollingrworth v. Perry and,

701, 723, 744

 

Humphreys, Tom, 75-76, 241

 

Hunt, Terence, 235

 

Hunter, Nan, 60-61, 425

 

hunting license fees, 67

 

Huntsman, Jon, 603

 

Hurlie, Mary, 261

 

Hyde, Henry, 153-54

 

Hynes, Dan, 675

 

IBM, 427, 628

 

Iceland, 559

 

Ickes, Harold, 12, 200, 204—5, 209-10

 

Idaho, 106, 140, 144, 501, 547, 726

 

“T Doz” (Blankenhorn), 318

 

Illinois, 434, 674-76, 687

 

Illinois Human Rights Act, 674

 

Illinois Marriage Equality Act, 727

 

Illinois state legislature, 666, 673-74

 

“T Love America” rally (Honolulu), 33

 

“T’m a Mormon” ads, 609-10

 

immigration, 3, 188, 481, 690

 

Immigration and Naturalization Service

(INS), 50-51

 

IMPACT, 673

 

Importance of Being Earnest, The (Wilde),

148

 

incest, 644

 

Indiana, 529, 533, 726

 

Industrial Areas Foundation, 519

 

inheritance rights, 242

 

Inhofe, James, 164

 

Inve Adoptions of BLVB. & ELVB,

255-58, 277

 

In ve guardianship of Sharon Kowalski,

170-71

 

In ve Marriage Cases, 471, 490-92, 495, 501,

623, 625, 637

 

Inspirational Network (INSP TV), 355,

357

 

Institute for American Values, 316-23,

327, 342-43, 345, 648

 

Institute for Marriage and Public Policy,

343, 364, 483

insurance benefits, 54, 206, 242, 287, 399,

402. See also health insurance

Interfaith Discussion Group on the

Legislation of Same-Sex Marriage, 324,

329

Internal Revenue Service (IRS), 9, 658

International Cuisine Festival, 38

International Flavors and Fragrances,

427

International Olympic Committee, 500

interracial marriage, 66, 252, 278-80, 375,

404, 448-49, 509, 544, 546, 628, 678

Interstate Commerce Commission, 703

“intimate association” concept, 418

Towa, 124-25, 130, 378, 459, 529, 533, 555,

570

elections of 2010, 571

elections of 2012, 583

Iowa Bar Association, 571

Towa caucuses

of 1996, 125, 130-31, 136-37

of 2004, 368

of 2020, 760

Towa state constitution, 459

Towa state courts, 459

Towa state legislature, 457, 459-60,

555-57, 570-71

Iowa Supreme Court, 556, 559, 571, 575,

760

elections of 2010, 571-72, 608

Tran-Contra scandal, 391

Traq War, 637, 745

Isaacson, Arline, 302, 306-7

“Is DOMA Doomed?” (Bonauto), 620

Iskowitz, Michael, 224, 229-30

Islamic Center of New England, 327

Island Lifestyle Magazine, 36, 76

Israel, 697

ISSI firm, 596, 603-4

Istook, Ernest, 146, 164, 337-38

Ithaca, New York, 413-14

 

Jackson, Jesse, 179

Jackson, Natasha, 743

Jackson, Samuel L., 509

Jackson v. Abercrombie, 743

 

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Jacobs, Rick, 522-23

Jacoby, Peter, 215

Jacques, Cheryl, 440

jail visitation rights, 27, 402

Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 304-5

James Madison Program, 485-86

Japan, 65

Japanese American Citizens League, 403

Japanese immigrants, 703

Jarrett, Valerie, 636, 640, 671, 681-82, 689,

693, 701

Jean, Lorri, 185, 402—4, 406-7, 518-20

Jeffords, Jim, 223, 226

Jenkins, Woody, 131-32

Jensen, Marlin K., 324, 499

Jensen, Tom, 697

Jersey City summit. See 10-10-10-20 plan

Jewish Voices for Justice, 429

Jews, 499, 505

Jindal, Bobby, 755

JOBS Act (proposed), 691, 693

John, Elton, 22

John Birch Society, 106, 133

John Paul II, Pope, 478, 480

Johns Hopkins University, 738

Johnson, Amy, 575

Johnson, Denise, 277, 284

Johnston, Eddie, 145

Johnston, Nancy Bess, 145, 148

Joint Chiefs of Staff, 636-37

Jolles, Noah, 274

Jolles, Seth, 284

Jolles, Stacy, 274, 284

Jones, Marjorie, 56

Journal of Sex Research, 176

“journey stories” ads, 585

Judge, Peter Thomas, 50

Junkin, Carey, 9

Justice Department (DOJ), 3, 15-16, 208,

236, 760

Brown v. Board of Education and, 703-4

Obama and, on DOMA, 628, 638-42,

654-55, 661-71, 686, 699, 716

Obergefell and, 732

racial segregation and, 709

Smelt and, 661, 668

Windsor and Hollingsworth v. Perry and,

700, 702-5, 707, 722,731

Index | 889

 

Kagan, Elena, 233-34, 641, 717

 

Kamehameha V, King of Hawaii, 85

 

Kaplan, Roberta, 658-60, 670, 716-18,

721-22, 730-31, 759

 

Karger, Fred, 497-98, 567-69, 571, 611

 

Kasich, John, 724

 

Katami, Paul, 629, 643

 

Kathy Reep v. Department of Employment and

Training, 249

 

Katyal, Neal, 669

 

Kavanaugh, Brett, 761

 

Keen, Lisa, 221

 

Keene, David, 144

 

Kendell, Kate, 169

 

Kennedy, Anthony, 128, 156, 348-49, 418,

667, 711-16, 719-20, 724, 729, 733-38,

748, 752-53, 758

 

Kennedy, D. James, 355, 357

 

Kennedy, John F, 617

 

Kennedy, Ted, 166, 204, 207, 223-30

 

Kentucky, 54-56, 61, 727, 730, 737, 752

 

Kentucky constitutional amendment

(2004), 384

 

Kerry, John, 227, 382, 480, 675

 

Keyes, Alan, 676

 

Kids Ave All Right, The (film), 681-82

 

Kilbourn, Seth, 382, 446, 448, 466

 

Kimball, Spencer, 114

 

Kimbell Sherman Ellis, 290-91

 

Kimberly Church of God, 754

 

King, Coretta Scott, 167, 230

 

King, Martin Luther, Jr, 17, 290, 333, 414,

419, 427, 704

 

King, Rachel, 414

 

King & King (de Haan), 508

 

King & Spalding, 699, 732, 750

 

Kinsley, Michael, 404—5

 

Kitchen v. Herbert, 726

 

Klain, Ron, 640

 

Kleid, Janin, 743

 

Klein, Ben, 621

 

Klein, Calvin, 431

 

Klein, Robert, 70-75, 80, 82, 85

 

Knight, Gail, 491

 

Knight, Pete, 420, 469, 490-91

 

Knight, Robert H., 137-38

 

Knight, Tracy, 56

 

Knights of Columbus, 134, 566, 611

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

890 | Index

 

Koch, Ed, 26-27, 558

Kohl, Helmut, 213-14

Kolbe, Jim, 226

Koppelman, Andrew, 146

Kors, Geoff, 522

Kotlowitz, Alex, 318

Kowalski, Sharon, 170-71

Kramer, Larry, 10, 441

Krehely, Jeff, 683-84, 690

Krishnamoorthi, Raja, 676

Krislov, Marvin, 200-201

Kucinich, Dennis, 678

Ku Klux Klan, 347

Kuralt, Charles, 112

Kurnit, Robert, 249

Kurtz, Stanley, 334

 

Kyl, Jon, 373

 

Labor Department, 138, 166, 194, 196

 

labor unions, 197, 298-99, 437, 690

 

Lady Gaga, 574

 

Lafferty, Andrea Sheldon, 349

 

Lafferty, Jim, 349

 

LaFontaine, David, 247

 

LAGAI-Queer Insurrection, 407

 

Lagon, Patrick, 28-29, 31, 43, 61, 69, 78,

739, 746

 

LaHaye, Beverly, 133-34

 

LaHaye, Tim, 133-34, 347

 

Lake, Celinda, 193-94, 219, 548

 

Lambda Legal Defense and Education

Fund, 51, 59, 163, 168-78, 206, 251,

256-57, 261, 267, 391-96, 402, 418, 430,

441, 444, 449-50, 459, 471, 540, 621,

623-25, 630, 633, 658-59, 700, 708, 723,

730, 740, 750

 

Marriage Project and, 396-99, 403,

407-16, 425

Wolfson departs, 419-26

 

Lambda Line (radio show), 33-34, 40

 

Land, Richard, 330, 336-38, 350-57,

367-69, 502, 757

 

Land, Stuart, 46

 

Landscape Summary grid, 559

 

Lane, Nathan, 189

 

Langdon, David R., 381

 

Langrock, Peter, 268-69

 

Langrock Sperry & Wool, 258, 266,

268-69, 271

Largent, Steve, 153-56

Lashman, Deborah, 255-56

Latinos, 437, 465, 516, 524, 542, 556, 690

Latter-Day Saints, Church of (LDS;

Mormons), 14, 93-123, 146, 149, 240,

324-26, 397, 469, 484, 498-507, 518-19,

528-29, 567-69, 609-10

Brethren or General Authorities, 109, 116

First Presidency, 104-5, 108, 110, 499,

501, 505

First Quorum of the Seventy, 499

Public Affairs Department, 500-501

Quorum of Seventy, 114

Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, 108,

111-12, 117, 529

Relief Society, 108-9

Lavender Law, 171, 266, 387, 391-92

Lavender Seniors of the East Bay, 631

Law, Jack, 34-37

LA Weekly, 518

Lawrence, Gary, 502, 505

Lawrence v. Texas, 348-51, 359, 364, 372,

447, 537, 635, 644, 667-68, 713-14,

719-20, 724, 733,735, 752

Lawson, Bill, 101

Leadership Conference on Civil Rights,

162

Leadership LAB, 521

Lederman, Marty, 638

Lee, Chris, 742, 744

Lee, Paul, 132

Lefevre, Don, 105

Legal Affairs, 309

Lehman, Bruce, 218-19

Lehman, Kathryn, 145, 152, 156

Leibovitz, Annie, 406

Leibsohn, Seth, 361

Leno, Mark, 466

Leonard, Mary, 358

Lesbian and Gay Congressional Staff

Association, 164-65

Lesbian and Gay Litigators’ Roundtable,

9, 171. See also Roundtable (formerly

Sodomy Roundtable)

Lesbian Avengers, 406-7

 

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Lesotho, 63

Let California Ring (formerly California

Equality Project), 465-66, 516, 541-43,

549

Letourneau, Marcelle, 618, 621

Let's Talk Straight, Hawaii (radio show), 113

“Letter from a Birmingham Jail” (King),

290, 414, 704

Leukemia Society, 142

LeVay, Simon, 88

Levi, Jennifer, 304

Levinson, Bernard, 79

Levinson, Dan, 145, 148-49

Levinson, Steven H., 78-79, 81-82, 85-89,

743-44

Levi Strauss, 422, 425-26

Levitt, Linda, 276

Lewin, Gregory B., 493

Lewin, John C., 61, 69, 77

Lewis, Anthony, 308

Lewis, Jonathan, 441, 679, 683, 694, 697

Lewis, Patricia, 214

Lewiston, Maine, 581

LGBTQ community. See a/so Defense

of Marriage Act (DOMA, 1996);

discrimination, anti- LGBT; Don’t Ask

Don’t Tell; employment discrimination;

same-sex marriage; specific individuals,

laws, lawsuits, organizations, and policies

ACLU and, 45-57

Arkes memo on, 148

Burress’s campaigns vs., 378

California and, 126, 463

church congregations for, 38-39

Colorado and, 127-28

Congress and, 161-62, 164-66

“gay fatigue” and, 165

gay rights bill of 1994 and, 166

Hawaii and, 32-36, 102

immigration and tax laws and, 3

Miami nondiscrimination bill of 1977

and, 35

military ban and, 423

movement of 1980s, 11

Mychal Judge Act and, 353-54

Oregon and, 127

political clout of, 6, 12-13, 161-62, 487

 

Index | 891

 

Romer and, 156-57

Vermont civil-rights bill and, 286-87

 

libertarians, 150, 604

 

Liberty Counsel, 644

 

Liberty University, 356

 

Libous, Tom, 562

 

Library of America, 389

 

Lieberman, Joe, 226

 

Liebman, Marvin, 424

 

Life, 49, 170

 

Life Foundation, 36

 

LifeWay Christian Resources, 355

 

LiMandri, Charles, 478-79, 481-82

 

Lincoln, Abraham, 372

 

Lindevaldsen, Rena, 644

 

Lippert, Bill, 288, 292

 

Liptak, Adam, 729, 732

 

Little, Thomas, 288-91, 296-97

 

Little Rock, Arkansas, 4

 

Lockyer, Bill, 371

 

Loeb, Daniel, 562

 

Log Cabin Republicans, 180-86, 191, 354,

403, 456

 

Long, Reno, 425

 

Long Beach, California, 472

 

Look, 49

 

Lori, William E., 610

 

Los Angeles County, 50, 402, 472, 511, 516

 

Los Angeles Freedom to Marry Coalition,

403

 

Los Angeles Gay and Lesbian Community

Services Center, 185, 402-4, 407, 518,

521, 567

 

Los Angeles Times, 130, 212, 295, 297, 423,

466, 496, 686

 

“losing forward” concept, 548

 

Lott, Trent, 228

 

Lotus Development, 183

 

Louisiana, 755

 

Louisiana constitutional amendment

(2004), 383-84

 

“love and commitment” messaging,

573-74, 587, 659

 

Love Honor Cherish, 522-23

 

Loving v. Virginia, 49, 66-67, 252, 278-79,

290, 404, 448, 544, 546, 628, 714, 735

 

Lowe, Julian, 106

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

892 | Index

 

Lugar, Richard, 130, 165

 

Luken, Charlie, 379-80

 

Lum, Herman, 85

 

Luxembourg, 353

 

Lynch, John, 579

 

Lynch, Patrick, 669

 

Lyndon, Sharyle “Leather,” 37, 41

Lyon, Phyllis, 494

 

Mackey, Connie, 354, 360

MacKinnon, Catharine, 260

Maddoux, Marlin, 350

Madonna, 357

“Maggie’s Stupid Digression” (Gallagher),

343

Mahony, Roger, 481

Maine Amendment 1 (2009), 529-33, 535,

538, 577, 580-81

Maine Question | on Marriage (2012),

580-96, 599, 602, 604, 606, 610-12, 698,

736

Mainers United, 612

“Make Change, Not Lawsuits” (memo),

626, 630

Malcolm, Ellen, 427

Malcolm X, 617

Manchester, Doug, 489, 497, 567

Marbury v. Madison, 638

Marchand, Paul, 413

March on Washington for Gay and

Lesbian Rights

1979, 162-63

1987, 8-9, 38, 162-63, 171

1993, 162-64

March on Washington for Jobs and

Freedom (1963), 333

Marcin, Raymond, 5

Marinelli, Louis J., 569-70

Marks, Robert, 101, 239

marriage. See a/se civil unions; Defense of

Marriage Act (DOMA, 1996); domestic

partnerships; right to marry; same-sex

marriage; specific benefits, individuals, legal

cases, and states

age restrictions and, 93

boom of 1970s, 170

California Jv re Marriage Cases decision

and, 491-92

 

Cox and Wolfson study of state laws on,

396

“deinstitutionalization” of, 650

federal definition of, and DOMA, 221,

234

feminist critique of, 390, 402

Nickles bill to redefine, 151, 156

Perry and definition of, 649-50

Vermont Supreme Court and symbolic

power of, 283

Marriage Amendment Project, 374

MarriageDebate (website), 323, 342-43,

483

Marriage in America (Council on Families

in America), 320

Marriage Law Foundation, 500

Marriage Law Project, 324-25, 330, 349,

364, 499-500

marriage listserv, 410-11

“Marriage Made Me Gay” (Men and Wife

story), 9

marriage movement, 317—23, 328, 341-44

Marriage Movement: A Statement of Principles,

The (Blankenhorn), 317-18, 322

Marriage Project, 742

Marriage Protection Act (proposed), 359

Marriage Protection Amendment

(proposed), 707. See also Federal

Marriage Amendment (proposed)

Marriage Protection Pledge, 358

“Marriage Protection Resolution, 130-31,

136-37

Marriage Protection Week, 356-60

Marriage Research Consortium, 550-54,

573-74, 577, 581, 590-92, 602, 692, 744

“Marriage Resolution” (Wolfson), 673

Marry Me Minnesota, 575-76

Marshall, Margaret H., 299, 308-9, 311, 365

Marshall, Thurgood, 731

Martin, Del, 494

Maryland, 559, 583, 670

Maryland appeals court, 647

Maryland Civil Marriage Protection Act

(2012), 600

Maryland Measure 6 (2012), 697-98

Maryland Question 6 (2013), 600-602,

605, 610, 612

Maryland state legislature, 600

 

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Massachusetts, 15, 187-88, 252, 326-28,

439, 444-49, 454-55, 463, 465, 529, 547,

561, 578, 588, 654, 735, 751

 

civil unions and, 374, 618

 

domestic-partnership ordinances and,

303

 

elections of 1988, 457-58

 

elections of 2008, 488

 

gay-rights bill (1989), 247, 250, 310

 

Goodridge and, 298-311, 333, 443, 532,

618, 624, 653-54, 675, 731

 

same-sex marriages become legal in,

374-78, 388, 494, 508, 653, 669

 

same-sex marriages in, and DOMA,

619-21

 

Massachusetts Citizens for Marriage, 306

 

Massachusetts Commission Against

Discrimination, 250

 

Massachusetts Commission on

Discrimination, 310

 

Massachusetts constitution

 

of 1780, 308-10

Goodridge decision and, 365

 

Massachusetts Constitutional Convention,

306-7, 366-71, 374-75, 455

 

Massachusetts Declaration of Rights, 308

 

Massachusetts Democratic Party, 306, 455

 

Massachusetts Family Institute, 306,

327-28, 366-67, 485

 

Massachusetts Gay and Lesbian Political

Caucus, 302, 306-7, 439

 

Massachusetts Lesbian and Gay Bar

Association, 309

 

Massachusetts Marriage Affirmation and

Protection Amendment (proposed),

371, 374-75

 

Massachusetts Protection of Marriage

Amendment (2001), 303, 306-7

 

Massachusetts state legislature, 298-301,

310, 374-75, 455-56, 485, 488, 621-22

 

Goodridge decision and, 365-69

state-level DOMA and, 326-27

 

Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court,

247, 249-50, 298-300, 302, 305, 308-15,

319, 321-22, 342, 349, 356, 359, 364-67,

369, 374, 378, 618, 653-54, 731

 

Massachusetts v. HHS, 654

 

MassEquality, 439, 454-55, 588, 618

 

Index | 893

 

Mass Resistance, 605

 

Masterpiece Cakeshop, Ltd. v. Colorado Civil

Rights Commission, 757-58

 

Matalin, Mary, 354

 

Maxwell, Neal, 110, 119, 122

 

McAteer, Ed, 125

 

McBride, Sarah, 759

 

McCain, John, 166, 228, 503, 507, 622

 

McClure, Elizabeth, 606

 

McClure, John, 606

 

McConnell, Michael, 46-49, 54

 

McConnell, Pat Lyn (Jack Baker),

4549, 54

 

McCurry, Mike, 157, 200, 208, 212,

214-15, 218, 235

 

McDonald, Patrick Range, 518

 

McEwan, David, 36, 75-76

 

McFarlane, Rodger, 440-42, 452

 

McFeeley, Tim, 167, 182-83, 193

 

McGeorge School of Law, 713

 

McGrath, Bill, 154-55, 158

 

McGrory, Mary, 187

 

McKay, Molly, 464

 

McKeand, Kim, 751

 

McKenna, Sabrina, 748

 

McKenzie, Gregory, 260

 

McKinney, George, 475

 

McLaughlin, John, 562

 

McNeil Wilson Communications, 115,

120-21

 

McPherson, Mike, 496-97, 528

 

McTighe, Matt, 535, 580-82, 586-88, 612

 

Meaning of Marriage Act (MOMA, /ater

DOMA), 138-40, 152. See also Defense

of Marriage Act (DOMA, 1996)

 

Medicaid, 197

 

Medicare, 177

 

prescription-drug benefit, 368-69

 

Meet in the Middle, 523

 

Meet the Press, 372,693

 

megachurches, 133, 388

 

Mehlman, Ken, 368, 560-62, 564, 707

 

Melcher, Michael F, 206, 620

 

Melillo, Joseph K., 28-29, 31, 37, 43, 61,

66, 69, 78, 739, 746

 

Mellman, Mark, 219

 

Mello, Amy, 580, 588

 

Men and Wife (newsletter), 9

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

894 | Index

 

Menino, Tom, 298

Merit Systems Protection Board, 619

Messiah’s Congregation (Brooklyn), 145

Messiah's Mandate, 145, 148

Messina, Jim, 636, 663, 688-92, 695

Metropolitan Community Church

(Hawaii), 34, 38-39, 41, 43

Mexican American Legal Defense and

Education Fund, 252, 472

Mexican-American War, 504

Mexico, 559

Miami, 35

Michaels, Steven, 102

Michigan, 138-39, 725, 727-35, 759

Obergefell and, 737,752

Windsor and, 720-21, 723

Michigan Marriage Initiative (Proposal 2,

2004), 382-84

Michigan Right-to-Life, 177

Michigan state legislature, 176-77, 179

Micronesia, 64

Microsoft, 627-28

Milano, Benjamin, 749

Milbank, Dana, 694

military

Don’t Ask Don’t Tell and, 163-65, 175,

179, 195-98, 205, 209, 636-37, 663-64,

679-80, 682-83, 695

HIV and, 197

LGBTQ excluded from, 40, 45, 71, 138,

163-64, 167

LGBTQ in, 422-24

same-sex marriage and, 583

Milk, Harvey, 8, 36, 443

Miller, Zell, 147

Milne, Marion, 295

Milton, Vermont, 272

Milwaukee Fournal, 9

mini-DOMAs, 264, 379, 420, 469, 533. See

also specific states

Minneapolis conference for gay and

lesbian lawyers (2004), 387-89

Minnesota, 46-49, 54, 61, 171, 443, 568,

574-77, 635, 727-28

 

Minnesota Amendment 1 (2012), 583, 587,

 

590-99, 602-5, 610-13, 694, 698, 723

Minnesota Civil Liberties Union

(MCLU), 47-48

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 894

 

Minnesota constitutional amendment

attempts of 2004-11, 575-77

 

Minnesotans Catholic Conference

Marriage Defense Fund, 610

 

Minnesotans for Marriage, 605, 610

 

Minnesotans Talking to Minnesotans

project, 595-97

 

Minnesotans United for All Families,

576-77, 587, 594-97, 603-6, 612-13

 

Minnesota OurVote2000 campaign, 434

 

Minnesota Public Radio, 575

 

Minnesota state legislature, 575-76, 613

 

DOMA bill of 1997, 575

same-sex marriage legalized by, 723

 

Minnesota Supreme Court, 48, 575, 735

 

Miss Gay Molokai Pageant, 65

 

Mission Control, 596

 

Mission Public Affairs, 607

 

Mississippi, 139, 448, 590

 

Mississippi Amendment 26 (2011),

590-91, 598

 

Mississippians for Healthy Families, 590

 

Mississippi Community Service Corps,

315

 

Mississippi constitutional amendment

(2004), 384

 

Missouri, 94, 727, 732

 

Missouri constitutional amendment

(2004), 382-83

 

Missouri Synod Lutherans, 118

 

Miss USA pageant, 528, 566

 

Mitchell, Shawn, 435

 

Mixner, David, 6, 233

 

Mizuguchi, Norman, 240

 

MN forward, 568

 

Moats, David, 293

 

Mondale, Walter, 421

 

Monserrate, Hiram, 557

 

Monson, Quin, 106

 

Monson, Thomas S., 503

 

Montana, 748

 

Montana constitutional amendment

(2004), 384, 749

 

Monterey, 543

 

Moon, Ronald, 80-82, 84-88, 741

 

Moon, Sun Myung, 38

 

Moore, Roy, 754

 

moral disapproval, 717-18

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 895

 

Moral Mapority, Inc., 33, 134, 356

 

Moral Majority of Hawaii, 33

 

Mormongate (website), 568

 

Mormons. See Latter-Day Saints, Church

of (LDS; Mormons)

 

Mormon Times, 529

 

Morning Foe (TV show), 755

 

Morris, Dick, 12-13, 210, 237

 

Morris, Robert, 76

 

Morse, James L., 282-83

 

Moses, Herb, 182

 

Moss, Josh, 203

 

Moss, Randolph D., 207

 

Mossier, Kevin J., Foundation, 543

 

Mosteller, Brian, 681

 

Mount Soledad Cross, 476, 478

 

Movement Advancement Project, 453, 552

 

MSNBC, 755

 

MTV Video Music Awards, 357

 

Muir, Leo J., 504

 

Mullins, David, 757-58

 

Multnomah County, Oregon, 377, 445

 

Munson, Lee, 4-5

 

Murray, Bill, 517

 

Murray, Ed, 601

 

Murray, Susan, 258-78, 281-85, 289-93,

296, 301, 303

 

Musgrave, Marilyn, 359-64, 368, 372-74,

384, 436-37

 

Mushovic, Ineke, 552

 

Mutty, Marc, 610-11

 

Mychal Judge Act (2002), 353-54

 

Myers, Beth, 369, 376

Nadler, Jerrold, 680, 681

 

National Affairs Briefing Convention, 125

 

National Association for the Advancement

of Colored People (NAACP), 429,

709-10

 

Legal Defense Fund, 169

 

National Association of Evangelicals, 118,

337

 

National Campaign to Protect Marriage,

125, 128, 181, 192, 349, 378

 

National Cancer Institute, 88

 

National Catholic Reporter, 480

 

National Center for Lesbian Rights

(NCLR), 169, 407, 471, 623, 633

 

Index | 895

 

National Coalition of Gay Organizations,

39

 

National Collaborative, 463, 534, 536,

538-39

 

National Coming Out Day, 183

 

National Commission on America’s Urban

Families, 317

 

National Fatherhood Initiative, 317

 

National Federation of Independent

Business, 147

 

National Football League, 153

 

National Gay and Lesbian Law

Association, 391

 

National Gay and Lesbian Task Force

(NGLTF), 11, 35, 162, 174, 184-85, 196,

4034, 422, 424, 430, 440-41, 454, 464,

519, 561

 

Policy Institute, 441, 542

 

National Fournal, 692

 

National Law fournal, 417

 

National Lesbian and Gay Journalists

Association, 199

 

National Organization for Marriage

(NOM), 485-88, 527-31, 538, 545,

566-72, 577-78, 584, 587, 595, 601-12,

627, 648, 652, 707, 725-26

 

California chapter, 488-89, 491

 

National Organization for the

Advancement of Gay and Lesbian

Couples, 38

 

National Organization for Women

(NOW), 133, 252, 403

 

National Press Club, 332, 333

 

National Republican Congressional

Committee (NRCC), 185-86

 

National Review, 334, 363, 484, 566, 725

 

National Review Online, 343

 

National Rifle Association (NRA),

143-44, 147, 188

 

National Right to Life Committee, 94,

118, 129, 146, 154

 

National Union of South African

Students, 308

 

Native American Church, 337

 

natural law, 129, 146, 330, 485

 

Nazis, Skokie march and, 42, 443

 

NBC News, 690

 

Nebraska, 422, 624

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

896 | Index

 

Nebraska constitutional amendment

(2000), 379, 420, 534, 624

Nebraska Family Council, 420

Nelson, Ashan, 37

Nelson, Gerald, 46

Nemitz, Bill, 611

Nessel, Dana, 721, 723, 730

Netherlands, 334

Neuwirth, Steve, 201

Nevada, 106, 533, 725-26

Neville, Philip, 47

“New Congress and Grassroots America”

panel (1995), 135

New England, 251, 261

New Family Structures Study, 651-52,

725

New Hampshire, 529, 533

civil unions and, 578-79

same-sex marriage bill (2009), 559, 570,

578-79, 655

New Hampshire Freedom to Marry

Coalition, 578-79

New Hampshire primaries

of 2004, 368

of 2012, 578

New Jersey, 409, 417, 448, 528, 530, 556

civil unions, 530, 742

elections of 2007 and, 487-88

same-sex marriage bill vetoed, 600

New Jersey Supreme Court, 417, 487, 724

New Mexico, 371, 377, 547, 724, 758

New Mexico Supreme Court, 724

New Paltz, New York, 377, 445

New Republic, 146, 320, 404-6

New Right, 132, 144

NewsHour (TV show), 343

Newsom, Gavin, 370-72, 445, 471, 494,

508

Newsweek, 199, 219, 224, 296, 350, 609, 732

New Testament, 133

New York City, 26-27, 35, 57-58, 402, 560

domestic partnerships and, 404

New York City Fire Department, 353

New York Civil Liberties Union, 172

New York Conservative Party, 531, 564

New Yorker, 627

New Yorkers United for Marriage,

560-63, 571

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 896

 

New York magazine, 699

 

New York Native, 35

 

New York Post, 320

 

New York Rangers, 584

 

New York State, 377, 413, 444-45, 448,

528, 530-31, 556, 560-66, 570, 583,

669-70

 

New York State Constitution, 563

 

New York State Court of Appeals, 57, 200,

646-47, 658

 

New York State Democratic Committee,

556

 

New York State legislature, 487, 531,

555-66, 570, 578

 

New York State Marriage Equality Act

(2011), 558-66, 570, 578, 584, 599-600,

685, 687

 

New York Times, 6, 47, 50, 57, 126, 166, 183,

212, 221, 229, 236, 308, 316, 323, 334,

353-54, 357, 367, 392, 395, 413-14, 441,

486, 497, 522, 527, 571, 602, 605, 607,

629, 631, 651, 654, 668, 691, 697, 729,

731

 

Magazine, 188, 688

“Weddings” page, 357, 619

 

New York University, 541

 

New York Yankees, 628

 

Nichols, Benjamin, 413

 

Nickles, Don, 131-40, 151-57, 226-27,

336

 

Niederauer, George, 481-82, 503, 505

 

Nielsen, Norm, 179, 396

 

Nienstedt, John, 610

 

“1992 Presidential Candidates” (HRCF

voter guide), 7

 

Nixon, Richard, 363

 

No on 1 /Protect Maine Equality, 580

 

No on 8 campaign (California), 508-9,

515-26, 538, 547-49, 567, 596, 607

 

No on 36 campaign (Oregon), 517

 

No on Knight campaign (California), 519

 

Normal Heart, The (Kramer), 10

 

Norquist, Grover, 144

 

Norris, William, 71, 73

 

North American Man Boy Love

Association, 347

 

Northampton, Massachusetts, 298, 304

 

North Carolina, 106, 689-90, 759

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 897

 

North Carolina Amendment | (2012), 583,

694-95, 697

 

North Dakota constitutional amendment

(2004), 384

 

Northeastern University Law School, 248

 

Notre Dame University, 146

 

Oahu, 32, 34, 36-38, 115-16

Oakland, 472

Oaks, Dallin, 110-12, 118, 326

Obama, Barack, 15-16, 457, 493, 515-16,

536, 542, 578, 583, 635-38, 743, 753

birth certificate and, 672

Constitutional Law class by, 666-67

DOMA and, 638-41, 654-55, 661-71,

676, 680, 686

Don’t Ask Don’t Tell and, 636-37,

663-64, 679-80, 682, 695

evolution of, on same-sex marriage,

672-94

nondiscrimination executive order and,

683-84, 690

Obergefell and, 732, 734, 753

same-sex backed by, 694-98

State of the Union of 2012 and, 691

Windsor and Hollingsworth v. Perry and,

701-5, 708-10, 722, 734, 744

Obama, Michelle Robinson, 673

Obergefell, James, 721, 724

Obergefell v. Hodges, 16, 721, 724-25, 728-38,

749-60

O’Brien, Miles, 192

Ocamb, Karen, 515, 518

O’Connell, Jack, 509

O’Connor, Sandra Day, 128

O'Donnell, Anthony, 600

O'Donnell, Danny, 560, 562, 564

Office of Legal Counsel, 638, 641-42

Office of Management and Budget

(OMB), 214

Office of Public Engagement, 640

Office of the Solicitor General, 669

Official Gay and Lesbian Pride Week

Association of Oahu, 36-38

Ogilvy Public Relations, 518

Ohio, 689, 725, 727-28

Obergefell and, 724, 737, 752

Windsor and, 720-21, 724

 

Index | 897

 

Ohio Campaign to Protect Marriage, 380,

383

 

Ohio Issue 1 (2004), 377-84, 706

 

Ohio OurVote2000 campaign, 434

 

Ohio state legislature, 379

 

Ohio State University, 381

 

Oklahoma, 131-32, 139, 146, 153, 164,

448, 726

 

Oklahoma constitutional amendment

(2004), 384

 

Old Testament, 133

 

Oliphant, Lincoln, 137-39, 151, 154, 156

 

Olson, Ted, 626, 628-34, 643-46, 653, 656,

702, 714-15

 

O'Malley, Martin, 600-601, 608, 670

 

Onaka, Alvin T., 65, 672

 

ONE, 8, 10

 

One Iowa, 459-60

 

Ontario Court of Appeal, 349

 

Open Society Institute, 439

 

Operation Rescue, 130

 

Oprah (TV show), 739

 

Opus Dei, 486

 

Oral Roberts University Law School, 96

 

Orange County Register, 498

 

Oregon, 445, 549-50

 

Oregon constitution, 377

 

Oregon Measure 9, 127, 337, 588, 594

 

Oregon Measure 36 (2004), 383-84, 516,

533, 548, 583, 587-88

 

O'Reilly, Michelle, 483, 488

 

Orthodox Judaism, 327

 

Oshiro, Blake, 742

 

Osprey Point Leadership Center, 319,

322-23

 

Otterson, Michael R., 503, 505

 

Our Families Coalition, 631, 633, 646,

648

 

OurVote2000 project, 434

 

Out, 137, 189

 

OutFront Minnesota, 575

 

OutGiving, 427-28, 431, 436, 441, 451-56.

See also “Cabinet, the”

 

Out in the Mountains, 254, 256-57,

274-75

 

Outlines, 673-74, 676

 

Out/ Look, 172-73, 256

 

OutVote 96, 219-20

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

898 | Index

OutVote 2000, 438 Perry v. Brown. See Perry v. Schwarzenegger,

Owens, Bill, 452 Hollingsworth v. Perry

Oxford University, 337 Perry v. Schwarzenegger, 628-34, 643-56,

659-60, 662, 668, 700, 714. See also

Padavan, Frank, 557 Hollingsworth v. Perry

Paladino, Carl, 558 Petrelis, Michael, 517

Palau Supreme Court, 751 Pew Research Center, 388, 603

Palin, Sarah, 664 Pfeiffer, Dan, 682, 685, 687, 689, 695

Panetta, Leon, 200, 211, 217, 234 Philadelphia, 332

Parents, Families, and Friends of Lesbians Philadelphia Inquirer, 322

and Gays, 403, 631 Philanthropy, 432

Parker, David, 605-7 Phillips, Jack C., 757-58

Parker, Sean, 684 Pidgeon v. Turner, 756

Parker, Tonia, 605 Pignanelli, Frank, 397

partial-birth abortion ban, 135, 140, 146, Pink Triangle Bowling League, 263

154-56, 348 Pitt, Brad, 611

Partington, Earle, 64 Pitts, Joe, 330, 363

Partington & Foley, 63-65, 77 Pizer, Jenny, 623, 630-31

passports, 618, 620, 641 Planned Parenthood, 551, 590, 691

Pastors Rapid Response Team, 476, 496, Platner, Jan, 251

510 Playboy Foundation, 49

Paterson, David, 556, 558 Plessy v. Ferguson, 665,704, 709

Patrick, Deval, 654 Plouffe, David, 636, 679-80, 689-95

Patrick Henry College, 374 police, death benefits and, 353

© Paxon, Bill, 186 police entrapment tactics, 45

PayPal, 759 Policy Review, 125

PBS, 23, 66, 101, 318, 343 Polikoff, Nancy, 171

Peace Corps, 63, 390 Polis, Jared, 436-37, 681

Pease, Katherine, 427, 429-31 Political OutGiving, 455-59

Pederson v. Office of Personal Management, Politico, 557, 679

659-60, 668 Polk County, Iowa, 459

Pellegrini, Larry, 147 Poll 4 Equality, 523

Pelosi, Nancy, 370, 692 polygamy, 110, 343-44, 644

Pennsylvania, 434, 556, 689, 725, Polynesian Cultural Center, 115

732 pornography, 378

pension benefits, 5, 242, 273 Portland, Oregon, 377

Pentecostal Church, 39, 755 Portland Press Herald, 611

People for the American Way, 179, Portman, Rob, 706-8, 711

252 Portman, Will, 706

Pepperdine University, 508 Portugal, 559

Perez v. Sharp, 278-79, 448-49 Powell, Colin, 116

Perkins, Tony, 360, 363, 371 Powell, H. Jefferson, 207

Perkins, Will, 430 Powell, Lewis, 66-67

permanent residence status, 50 powers of attorney, 309

Perry, Kassy, 518 Pregil, Antoinette “Toni,” 28, 31, 69,

Perry, Kris, 628-29, 643 78-79, 739, 746

Perry, Troy, 39, 41 Prejean, Carrie, 528, 569

Perry Communications Group, 518 Prentice, Ron, 491, 498, 511

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 898 & 2/9/21 111 PM | |

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 899

 

Presbyterian Church, 126, 315, 485

 

“Preserving Traditional Marriage and

Strengthening Families” (LDS), 499

 

Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/

AIDS, 233

 

Price, Warren, 61, 72

 

Pride Month, 584, 684

 

Pride parades, 32, 36-37, 474

 

Pride Week, 41, 353

 

“Princes” ad, 508-9, 517, 525, 591-93

 

Princeton Alumni Weekly, 485

 

Princeton Theological Seminary, 485

 

Princeton University, 330, 338, 485, 651

 

prisoners, marriage rights of, 665

 

probate proceedings, 292

 

Procter & Gamble, 380

 

Pro-Family Breakfast (1993), 135

 

pro-family movement, 125, 134

 

“Pro-Gay, Pro-Family Policy, A” (Rauch),

323

 

pro-life movement, 154, 362, 590-91

 

property ownership, 309, 677

 

Proposition 22 Legal Defense and

Education Fund, 470-72, 491-92

 

prostitution, 120-21

 

Protect Marriage Coalition, 470, 471

 

ProtectMarriage.com, 491-93, 498, 507,

511, 567, 606, 700

 

Protect Our Constitution, 24, 433

 

Providence Fournal, 569

 

Provincetown, Massachusetts, 298

 

Pryor, David, 229-30

 

Pryor, Mark, 229-30

 

PTL Satellite Network, 357

 

public accommodations discrimination,

161, 417

 

public education campaign, 544, 573-74,

578, 580-95, 601, 725

 

public opinion, 14-15, 261, 416, 463-67,

493-94, 523, 535-37, 546-54, 559-60,

565, 584-85, 603, 651, 685

 

Public Policy Institute of California, 464,

507

 

Public Policy Polling (PPP), 697

 

Puerto Rican Defense Fund, 169

 

Puerto Rico, 424

 

Pugno, Andy, 490-91

 

Pulaski County, Arkansas, 4

 

Index | 899

 

Punahou School, 35

Puppolo, Angelo, Jr., 488

Puterbaugh, Holly, 273-74

 

QuarkXPress, 428-29, 431-32, 457

 

Quayle, Dan, 6

 

Queens, New York, 557, 563

 

Queer Eye for the Straight Guy (TV show),

357

 

Queer Town Meeting, 257, 261-62, 266

 

Question One (documentary film), 610

 

Quincy Patriot Ledger, 619

 

Quinn, Jack, 3-4, 11-12, 199, 202-3, 205,

207-8, 211,217, 234

Rabbinical Council of America, 118

 

Raben, Robert, 164

 

racial discrimination, 11, 66, 127, 465, 666,

703, 709

 

racial segregation, 665-66, 709, 734. See

also interracial marriage

 

Racicot, Marc, 347

 

Racine, Doug, 287

 

Radloff, David, 604

 

Raghavan, Gautam, 681, 687

 

Ramsey, Tom, 77, 241

 

Rankin, J. Lee, 703-4, 709-10

 

Raphael, Kate, 407

 

“rational basis” standard of scrutiny, 645,

666-68

 

Ratzinger, Joseph (Benedict XVI), 480

 

Rauch, Jonathan, 323, 343

 

Raytheon, 684

 

Reader's Digest, 4, 11, 120-21

 

Reagan, Ronald, 52, 104, 106-7, 116,

125-26, 133-34, 142, 152, 162, 259, 316,

330-31, 351-52, 481, 497, 713

 

reciprocal beneficiaries, 242

 

recognition cases, 656-57

 

Rediker, Jeanette, 585

 

Rediker, Paul, 585

 

Red Shovel Christmas tree farm, 273

 

Red Wing, Donna, 240, 242-43, 439,

460

 

Reed, Ralph, 125-26, 134-36

 

Reep, Kathy, 249

 

Regnerus, Mark, 652, 725-26

 

Reich, Robert, 138

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

900 | Index

 

Reid, Harry, 227

 

Reid, Stuart C., 118

 

Reilly, Evelyn, 367

 

Reilly, Tom, 374-75

 

Reiner, Michele, 623-24, 626, 629, 631

 

Reiner, Rob, 623-24, 626, 629, 631

 

Reitman, Alan, 54

 

religious conservatives, 125-26, 131-49,

317-18, 320, 323, 325, 333-38, 347, 353,

355, 365, 368-69, 384, 473-77, 483-85,

488-89, 493, 495, 651, 653. See also

evangelicals; specific denominations and

organizations

 

religious freedom, 527-28, 604-6, 756

 

Religious Freedom Amendment,

proposed, 337-38

 

Religious Freedom Restoration Act (1993),

337, 713

 

religious institutions, 563-64

 

Religious Roundtable, 125

 

reparative therapy, 378

 

Report, The, 125

 

Reporting Civil Rights (Carson), 389

 

“Report of the 1985 ACLU Biennial

Conference,” 54

 

reproductive rights, 27, 31

 

Republican National Committee, 136,

347, 365, 560, 607

 

Republican National Convention (1992),

131

 

Republican Policy Committee, 134-38,

139, 151, 155, 156

 

Respect for Marriage Act, 536, 680-81,

687

 

reverse-severability clause, 563

 

Reynolds v. United States, 110

 

Rhode Island, 251-52, 528, 559, 569, 669,

723

 

Rhodes, Pam, 438

 

Rice, Charles, 146

 

Rich, Frank, 527, 651

 

Richard, Paul, 220

 

Richter, Roz, 426

 

Ridder /Braden, 434

 

Riddle, Tom, 38

 

Rights Equal Rights, 568-69

 

“Rights of Gays and Lesbians”

(Rubenstein and Coles), 58

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 900

 

right to marry, 396, 664-65

double standards cases vs., 657

Obergefell and, 752

Wolfson on, 391, 396

right to privacy, 45, 80, 95, 391, 714

Alaska and, 415

Baebr and, 394

Bowers v. Hardwick and, 66

Griswold and, 95

Hawaii Constitution and, 67, 71-74, 80

Roe v. Wade and, 95

Windsor and Hollingsworth v. Perry and,

713-14

Rios, Sandy, 339, 348, 350, 354, 356, 358,

360-61, 367, 378-79

Ripston, Ramona, 623

Rittgers, Rebecca, 444, 450

Rivers-McMahon, Pasha, 259-60

Rivers-McMahon, Penny, 259

“Roadmap to Victory” (Freedom to Marry

strategy), 544, 559

Roberts, John, 635, 712-13, 716-18,

735-36, 752-53

Roberts, Robin, 695-96, 708-9, 732

Robertson, Pat, 118, 298

Robinson, Beth, 259-85, 289-94, 296, 301,

303

Rochester, New York, 563

Rockefeller, Nelson, 427

Rockefeller Foundation, 425

Rodrigues, Tammy, 28, 31, 69, 78-79, 739,

746

Roe v. Wade, 49, 94-95, 118, 129, 142, 176,

361-62, 481-82, 590, 727, 756-57

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of

Washington, 329

Romania, 353

Roman penal code, 66

Romer, Roy, 201

Romero, Anthony, 443

Romer v. Evans, 127-30, 148, 156-57, 537,

635, 657, 667-68, 713-14, 720, 733,

759

Romney, Ann, 502

Romney, George, 501

Romney, Mitt, 365-66, 369, 374-76, 484,

500-503, 609-10, 654, 697

Roosevelt, Franklin D., 197

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 901

 

Rorex, Clela, 50

 

Rosehill, Linda, 115, 121-23

 

Rosen, Hilary, 217, 441, 701

 

Rosenbaum, Mark, 623, 626

 

Rosenthal, Eric, 163

 

Ross, James, 434

 

Rotello, Gabriel, 242, 243

 

Rounds, Charlie, 451, 543

 

Roundtable (formerly Sodomy Roundtable),

9, 15, 51, 60, 447, 167-71, 174-77,

251, 269, 301, 395, 410, 443-44, 447,

630, 658. See also Ad-Hoc Task Force

to Challenge Sodomy Laws (formerly

Sodomy Roundtable)

 

Rouse, Marty, 454-55

 

Rove, Karl, 318, 352, 354-55, 367-69, 456

 

Rowse, Jayne, 720

 

Royce, Shannon, 484

 

Rubenfeld, Abby, 53, 170-71, 256, 393

 

Rubenstein, Bill, 57-58, 60-62, 175, 536

 

Rubin, Peter J., 373

 

Ruemmler, Kathryn, 638-39, 661-64, 668,

670-71, 695, 701-2

 

Ruffini, Patrick, 607

 

Rush, Bobby, 674

 

Russo, Sal, 469, 498

 

Rutherford Institute, 100-101

 

Rutland Herald, 291, 293

 

Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS

Resources Emergency Act (1990), 162,

210

 

Sacramento Bee, 518

 

Sacramento County Superior Court,

508

 

Saddleback Church, 679

 

Sakharov, Andrei, 328

 

Saland, Stephen, 564-65

 

Salem Radio Network, 357

 

Salk Institute, 88

 

Salt Lake City, 109, 116, 118

 

Salt Lake City Council, 118

 

Salt Lake City Winter Olympics (2002),

307, 500-502

 

Salt Lake Tribune, 105, 504, 505

 

“Same-Gender Marriage: Crossing the

Threshold” (West Hollywood town hall,

1996), 399-401, 404, 406-7, 409

 

Index | 901

 

same-sex marriage. See also Defense of

 

Marriage Act (DOMA, 1996); Federal

Marriage Amendment (proposed);

specific campaigns, individuals, lawsuits,

organizations, and states

 

ACLU and, 7, 40-57, 168

 

adoption as substitute for, 48

 

Alaska and, 297

 

Arkansas and, 4-5

 

Arkes vs., 128-29, 148

 

Arlington Group and, 349-69, 372,

378-79, 384

 

Asbury Park and, 377

 

Baker v. Nelson case on, 46—49

 

Barr’s congressional initiative vs.,

148-56

 

benefits issue and, 67

 

Bernalillo, New Mexico, and, 377

 

Bible and, 48

 

Bonauto and, 247-57, 266-67, 269, 272,

276, 282, 284, 291, 295-311, 319, 375,

417, 443-47, 617-25, 628-29, 641-42,

653-70, 721-24, 726, 730-33, 735

 

Boulder and, 50

 

branded as “marriage equality,” 15

 

Brides magazine on, 357

 

Bush II and, 15, 354, 367-69, 372

 

Buttigieg and, 759-60

 

California excludes (1977), 50

 

California Jv re Marriage Cases decision

and, 491-92

 

California law allowing (2008), 463-66,

469-72, 494-95

 

California Proposition 8 vs., 478-79,

488-511, 515-26

 

California Supreme Court and, 471-77,

490-92

 

Catholic Church vs., 118-23, 325, 405,

566-67

 

civil unions vs., 310, 602-4

 

Clinton and, 3-4, 7, 157-58, 199-218

 

CNN on, 192

 

Concerned Women and two-pronged

approach to, 378-79

 

Connecticut and, 655-56

 

Daniels and Alliance for Marriage vs.,

327-35, 341

 

Dean case in DC and, 59

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

902 | Index

 

same-sex marriage (continued)

 

debate on, in LGBT community, 9-10,

16-17, 39-40, 58, 171-75, 188, 256-57,

389, 392, 402-10, 422-23

 

DOMA enacted, 11-15, 131-58, 178-79,

204-38, 324, 334, 379, 617-19

 

DOMA struck down, 719-22

 

domestic partnerships vs., 62, 410-12

 

donors and, 250-52

 

early history of, 5-10, 14, 54, 238

 

elections of 1992 and, 192-93

 

elections of 1996 and, 130-31

 

elections of 2004 and, 383

 

employment discrimination vs., 5

 

ERA fight and, 5

 

Family and Medical Leave Act and,

137-38

 

Federal Marriage Amendment vs.,

proposed, 15, 325-39, 344-45, 362-69,

372-73, 378-79, 382, 384

 

foreign countries and, 334, 559, 733

 

Freedom to Marry Coalition formed,

403-4

 

Freedom to Marry’s research on, 546-54

 

Freedom to Marry’s state campaigns and,

558-60, 576-81, 583-614

 

Gabbard’s activism vs., 112-14, 123-25

 

Gallagher’s activism vs., 341-45, 364-65,

483-89

 

Gathering Storm ads vs., 527

 

Georgia and, 147, 384

 

Gill donor circle and, 16-17, 440-42,

450, 452-54

 

Hawaii and, 102, 167, 297, 419, 737-48

 

Hawaii Baebr case and, 11, 27-31, 38-44,

60-89, 93-94, 101-3, 129, 145, 238-40,

394-95

 

Hawaii ballot question and, 243

 

Hawaii first strategy and, 411-16

 

Hawaii legislature and, 240-43

 

Hawaii’s Future Today vs., 120-23

 

Hawaii state legislature and, 113-14, 117,

122-23

 

Human Rights Campaign and, 192-94,

221, 440-42, 446, 462

 

Institute for American Values and,

319-23

 

Iowa and, 570-72

 

Jean and, 402-3, 407

 

Kentucky and, 384

 

Lambda Legal and, 392-96

 

Lawrence v. Texas decision and, 349

 

law review articles and, 95-98, 100

 

LGBT town halls of 1996 and, 406-7

 

lone plaintiffs and, 54

 

losses of 2004 and, 462

 

Louisiana and, 383, 384

 

Maine and, 580-82, 585-89, 599, 602

 

Maryland and, 600-602

 

Massachusetts as first state to authorize,

15, 374-77, 388, 446

 

Massachusetts Goodridge case and,

298-311, 319

 

Massachusetts Goodridge decision and,

364-70, 374-76

 

MCLU and job discrimination vs., 47

 

Metropolitan Community Church and

“holy union” vows, 39, 41

 

Michigan and, 383, 384

 

mini-DOMAs and, 379. See also specific

states

 

Minnesota and, 574-78, 587-98, 602-5

 

Mississippi and, 384

 

Missouri and, 382-83

 

Montana and, 384

 

Mormon (LDS) church vs., 93-123, 146,

149, 324-25, 498-506, 528-29, 567-69

 

National Collaborative and, 463

 

National Organization for Marriage

vs., 485-89, 491, 528-31, 538, 566-72,

577-78, 608-609

 

Netherlands and, 334

 

New Hampshire and, 655-56

 

New Jersey and, 487

 

New Paltz and, 377

 

New York campaign of 2009-2011,

556-66, 570

 

New York State Assembly and, 487

 

NGLTF and coordination of efforts

around, 403-4

 

Nickles bill vs., 138-40, 151-56

 

No on 8 loss on, evaluated, 515-26

 

North Dakota and, 384

 

New York Times Weddings page and, 357

 

Obama’s evolution on, 15-16, 640, 666,

672-94

 

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Obama’s support for, announced,

694-705

 

Obergefell and, 16, 721, 724-38, 749-58,

760

 

Ohio and, 377-84

 

Oklahoma and, 384

 

Olson and Boies take on, in Perry, 623-34,

643-46, 653, 656, 700-702, 714-15

 

Ontario and, 349

 

Oregon and, 383, 384

 

permanent residence status and, 50-51

 

Portland, Oregon, and, 377

 

public opinion on, 12, 14-15, 388,

396-97, 546-54

 

recognition of, in other states, 656-57

 

religious conservatives and, 131—49

 

Rove and, 355

 

San Francisco and, 370-72, 377, 445

 

Sheldon vs., 128-30

 

Sobelsohn’s nightmare scenario, and

Congress of 1994, 178-86

 

Sodomy Roundtable working group on,

60-61

 

state amendments vs., 378-83, 387-88,

398, 415-16, 439-50, 501, 533

 

Sullivan and, 404-7

 

Supreme Court case on, foreseen, 635-36

 

Supreme Court denies review of Baker v.

Nelson and, 49

 

symbolic weddings and, 38-40

 

10-10-10-20 plan and, 443-52, 462-66,

517, 532-38, 543-44, 547, 555, 583, 599,

624-25, 656-57, 669, 727

 

tiered scrutiny and, 665-69

 

Trump and, 16

 

Utah and, 383, 384, 396-398

 

Vermont civil unions and, 13, 255-98,

418419

 

Vermont enacts, 655-56

 

Washington State and, 600, 605

 

Windsor and Hollingsworth v. Perry and,

658-59, 668, 670, 700-731, 733

 

Wolfson and, 158, 168-69, 175, 177-78,

206, 244, 250-51, 387-426, 443-50,

463-64, 466, 517, 539-49, 559-60,

573-74, 578-80, 584, 612, 620-21, 649,

673, 684, 725, 750

 

Woods and, 38-43

 

Index | 903

 

Same-Sex Marriage: Pro and Con (Sullivan),

545

Sanders, Bernie, 266

Sanders, Jerry, 474-76, 483

Sanders, Lisa, 474-75

San Diego, 472-83, 488, 493, 497, 511

San Diego Catholic Diocese, 478-79

San Diego Christian College, 528

San Diego City Council, 472-76

San Diego Union-Tribune, 475

Sandoval County, New Mexico, 371,

377

San Francisco, 36, 53, 402, 407, 425-26,

472, 494, 633-34

Newsom marriage licenses and, 370-72,

377, 445, 471, 491, 494

San Francisco Chronicle, 466, 505, 509

San Francisco Examiner, 210

San Jose, California, 472

Santa Barbara, California, 542—43

Santa Cruz County, California, 472

Santorum, Rick, 347, 373

“Sarah Palin Test,” 664

Sartain, J. Peter, 610

Sartre, Jovanne, 37

Sausalito, California, 67

Sawyer, Diane, 366

“Say ‚ÄòI Do, Mr. President” campaign, 684,

692

Scalia, Antonin, 349-50, 702, 714, 720,

724,727, 735, 752

Schaeffer, Judith, 179

Schake, Kristina, 623, 627, 629, 643

Schattschneider, E. E., 15

Schlafly, Phyllis, 5, 106, 347

Schlissel, Steve, 145

Schmidt, John R., 207

schools, public, 6, 35, 126, 133, 508-9, 517,

527, 604-6, 612

desegregation of, 703-4, 709-10

prayer and, 337

Schreiber, Stephen, 606

Schroeder, Pat, 222

Schubert, Frank, 492-93, 505-10, 524, 530,

602, 604-8, 610-12

Schubert Flint, 492-94, 530, 607

Schuette, Bill, 728, 732

Schuman, David, 270

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

904 | Index

 

Schwarzenegger, Arnold, 372, 463-64, 469,

472, 507, 662, 743

Schwingham mer, Kelly, 613

science-based messaging, 573-74

Science of Identity Foundation, 112

Scopes trial, 239, 485, 757

Scott, George, 46

Scott, Marsha, 3-4, 12, 155, 195-96,

199-213, 215, 219, 231

Scottsdale, Arizona, 325-26, 333, 500

Scozzafava, Dede, 531

Seattle, 54-55

Seattle Accord (1999), 441

Second Amendment, 558

Secret Service, 641

Sekulow, Jay, 130

Semisovereign People, The (Schattschneider),

15

Sensenbrenner, James, 359, 399

Sentelle, David, 259

September 11, 2001 attacks, 353, 620

Sessions, Jeff, 373

1776 (musical), 539

Seventh-Day Adventists, 118, 329, 499

sex discrimination

Alaska and, 415

Hawaii and, 86-88

sexism, 403

Sexual Identity Center. See Gay

and Lesbian Community Center

(Honolulu)

sexually transmitted diseases, 402

sexual orientation. See also

homosexuality

Civil Rights Act and, 161

discrimination on basis of, 31, 34-35.

See also discrimination, anti-LGBT;

employment discrimination; housing

discrimination; other specific types

preference vs., 53

Shahar, Robin, 200

Shahar v. Bowers, 200

Shaw, Kate, 662

Shea, Thomas A., 214-15

Sheen, Martin, 684

Shelburne, Vermont, 272-73

Shelby, Robert J., 724-25

Sheldon, Andrea, 134, 148, 349

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 904

 

Sheldon, Louis, 126-30, 133-34, 148, 154,

156, 349

 

Sherrill, Kenneth, 542

 

Shoal of Time (Daws), 89

 

Shor, David, 695, 697

 

Shows, Ronnie, 358-59

 

Shriver, Maria, 662

 

Shuping, Ron, 355

 

Sides, John, 697

 

Signorile, Michelangelo, 137

 

Silicon Valley, 184, 189

 

Silk Flowers Project, 454

 

Silver, Nate, 688

 

Simas, David, 689, 692, 697

 

Simon, Amy, 523, 554, 585-86, 591-92,

601, 604

 

Simpson, W. Scott, 639, 654

 

Singer, Andrew, 561

 

Singer, John, 54-55

 

Singer, Paul, 560-62, 564, 578, 611

 

Sister Act (mvusical), 685

 

60 Minutes (TV show), 16

 

Skelos, Dean G., 562-65

 

Skokie, Mlinois, 42, 443

 

Skyline Wesleyan Church, 476, 478, 482,

496

 

Slouching Towards Gomorrah (Bork), 331

 

Smart Marriages Conference, 323

 

Smelt, Arthur, 625, 637-38

 

Smelt v. United States, 637-40, 642, 654, 661,

668, 680

 

Smith, Bill, 456-59, 461, 555, 557-58,

560-61, 571

 

Smith, David M., 189, 221, 224, 228-29,

236, 243

 

Smith, Joseph, 109, 111, 503

 

Smith, Robert S., 647

 

Smith, Steve, 518

 

Smith, Wayne, 162

 

Smith, William French, 638

 

Snyder, Rick, 720

 

So, Judy, 80

 

Sobelsohn, David, 167, 174-80, 221, 250,

398

 

Socarides, Richard, 12-13, 194, 196,

201, 204-5, 208, 210, 212-16, 223-24,

229-30, 232-37

 

“social modeling” concept, 585

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 905

 

Social Science Research, 725

 

Social Security, 39, 151, 619, 677

 

sodomy laws, 9-10, 34, 47, 51, 66-67

 

Sodomy Roundtable (Ad-Hoc Task

Force to Challenge Sodomy Laws), 51,

60, 447. See also Roundtable (formerly

Sodomy Roundtable)

 

Soka Gakkai, 65

 

Solmonese, Joe, 517, 679

 

Soloff, Sharon, 54, 56

 

Solomon, Mare, 522, 555-56, 559-61,

577-78, 583, 588-89, 725-26

 

“Some Notes on Our Current Crisis”

(Arkes), 148

 

“Some Objections to Same-Sex Marriage”

(Wardle), 112

 

Soref, Jeff, 212, 458, 686

 

Soros, George, 439

 

Sorrell, William, 275-76

 

Sotomayor, Sonia, 635-36, 668, 715

 

Souter, David, 635

 

South Africa, 309

 

South Burlington, Vermont, 272

 

South Dakota, 179

 

Southern Baptist Convention, 39, 329, 330,

336-37, 350, 355, 357-58, 383, 499,

502

 

Southern California Christian Times, 475

 

Southern Evangelical Seminary, 757

 

speaking complaint, 659

 

Speaking Frankly (Frank), 186-87

 

Spears, Britney, 357

 

Spectrum Institute Family Diversity

Project, 410

 

Spitzer, Eliot, 556, 558, 669-670

 

Sports Hlustrated, 428

 

spousal benefits, 54, 67

 

spouse, federal definition of, 151, 156, 221,

234

 

Springfield, Massachusetts, domestic

partnership suits, 298

 

Spyer, Thea, 658-59, 670

 

Squier Knapp Ochs, 237

 

Stachelberg, Winnie, 687

 

Stachowski, Bill, 557

 

Stahl, Lesley, 16

 

Stand for Marriage Maine, 530, 538, 602,

607, 610

 

Index | 905

 

Standing Up for New Hampshire

Families, 578

Stanford University, 184

Stanyar, Carole, 730

Stark, Matthew, 49

Starkville, Mississippi, 759

State Department, 620, 641

states, 4, 10, 16, 56, 326, 533, 546. See also

specific states and statutes

civil unions and, 362-64

constitutional amendments and, 330,

379-84, 387, 424, 439-40, 449, 460, 485,

501, 533-34, 537, 547, 599

Freedom to Marry “Roadmap” and, 544

Gill Action and, 457-59

mini-DOMAs and, 302, 326, 376, 379,

415-16, 420, 621

Obergefell and, 16, 728-38

OurVote2000 and, 434

out-of-state marriages and, 250-53

research on ballot campaigns and, 541,

550

sodomy as crime and, 51, 128

super-DOMAs and, 378-79

US. Constitution vs., 270-71

Windsor and, 700, 709-11, 716-17,

720-27

states’ rights, 151, 204, 206, 484, 641,

709-11, 716-17

State v. Kam, 81

statutory rape, 327

Stegner, Wallace, 498, 504

Steinbrenner, George, 628

Steinhafel, Gregg, 568

Stephanopoulos, George, 12-13, 194-95,

199, 201-2, 204-8, 210-11, 217-18, 220,

234, 410, 692

Stephens, Jim, 5

Stephenson, Roy, 47

step-parent exception, 256

Stern, Todd, 233, 234, 235

Stewart-Winter, Timothy, 673

Stier, Sandy, 629, 643

Stoddard, Tom, 59, 163, 172-74, 256-57,

392-95

Stonewall Democratic Club, 196

Stonewall Inn riots, 35, 39, 402

Stop ERA campaign, 106

 

afgfe1 1:11 pw | |

 

906 | Index

 

Stop Promoting Homosexuality Hawaii,

113, 744-45

Storrs, Phillip G., 413-14

Storrs, Toshav Greene, 413-14

“Strategic Image Objectives” (Davis),

141

Strauss v. Horton, 623-24, 627

Streisand, Barbra, 507

Strickland, Tom, 433

“Strong Commitments, Strong Families”

ads, 465-66

Stryker, Jon, 436, 452

Stryker, Pat, 436

St. Stephen’s Church of God in Christ

(San Diego), 475

Studds, Gerry, 164, 166-67, 175, 187-88,

619-20

Students for Carter, 420

Stutzman, Rob, 607

Subia, Anne Wigdahl, 473-77, 496-97

Sudbay, Joe, 682

Suffolk Superior Court (Massachusetts),

307

Sullivan, Andrew, 218, 343, 399, 404-7,

409

Sullivan, Anthony, 50-51

“Summer for Marriage” bus tour, 569

super-DOMAs, defined, 379

survivorship, 54, 249

suspect-class and tiered scrutiny, 391, 733

Baebr and, 71, 73-74, 81-82, 86, 89

four-pronged test, 665-69

Obama and DOMA defense and, 665-71,

710

Obergefell and, 753

Perry and, 644-45

Windsor and, 700, 715

Sussman, Donald, 580

Sutton, Jeffrey, 727-29

Sweeney, Tim, 426, 453, 461, 516, 540

Swenson, Scott Blaine, 434

Swift, Jane, 308

Tafel, Richard, 354

 

Taft, Bob, 379-81

 

Take Back Vermont campaign, 295, 297,

419

 

Take It to the People, 293, 296

 

Taking Back Our Streets Act (proposed),

143

TalkBack Live (TV show), 192, 199

Tapper, Jake, 682

Target, 568

Tauro, Judge Joseph, 653-55, 664

Tavai, Val, 742

taxes, 3, 106, 142, 273, 292, 329, 336, 470,

487, 681, 742, 744

DOMA and, 618-20, 681

estate, 132, 658-59

federal, 151, 619

income, 54

joint returns and, 249, 255, 381, 399

Windsor and, 719

Taylor, Jim, 749

Tellez, Luis, 486, 652

“Ten Declarations for Protecting Biblical

Marriage, The” (Garlow), 495-96

Tennessee, 727, 732, 737, 752

10-10-10-20 plan (Coles’s “Winning

Marriage” group)

2005 summit (Jersey City), 443-52,

462-66, 517, 532-36, 547

2010 summit (Somerville), 532-38,

543-44, 547, 555, 583, 599, 656-57, 669

Supreme Court and, 624-25

Windsor and, 727

Tepper, David, 562

Ternus, Marsha, 571-72

Terry, Randall, 130

Terzano, Ginny, 200

Texas, 183, 318

Lawrence v. Texas and, 348—49

Obergefell and, 756

Roe v. Wade and, 361-62

Texas Penal Code, 362

Thiel, Peter, 611

Thimmesch, Nick, II, 153, 156

Third Way, 453, 550-52

This Week, 351

Thomas, Cal, 75

Thomas Aquinas Psychological Clinic, 75

Thomasson, Randy, 470-71, 490-92

Thompson, Fred, 484

Thompson, Karen, 170-71

Thompson, Larry, 142

Tide boycott, 380

 

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Time, 49, 100, 322, 389, 653, 713, 760

 

“times that blind” argument, 718, 724, 733

 

Tinker Air Force Base, 46

 

Titone, Vito J., 57

 

Titus, Herbert, 96

 

tobacco industry, 433, 493

 

Tocqueville, Alexis, 546

 

Todd, Chuck, 690

 

Toffler, Alvin, 8

 

Tom, Terrance, 741

 

Toney, Al, 620, 641

 

Tonight Show, 135

 

“Tour of Duty” bus tour, 423

 

Toy Story (film), 346

 

Traditional Values Coalition, 126, 128,

145, 148, 152, 333, 349

 

transgendered people, 452, 759

 

Travaglini, Robert, 374

 

Treasury Department, 719

 

Tribe, Laurence, 207

 

Trimpa, Ted, 433-37, 439, 452-54, 459

 

Trotter, Donne, 674

 

Truman, Harry, 703, 709

 

Trump, Donald, 16, 528, 755, 760

 

“Truth in Love” ads, 378

 

Try This at Home! (Coles), 444

 

Tsongas, Paul, 192-93

 

Tulsa World, 153, 164

 

Tyler, Robin, 163

 

Tynes, Emily, 443-44

 

Ultimate Target of the Gay Agenda, The

(video), 125

 

Underwood, Shawna, 412

 

unemployment benefits, 249, 337

 

Unhappy Gays (LaHaye), 133

 

Unification Church, 38

 

Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations,

332

 

Unitarian Universalist Church, 39,

248-49, 259, 281, 284

 

United Auto Workers, 382

 

United Methodist Church, 521, 581

 

United Nations Charter and Universal

Declaration of Human Rights, 714

 

United Way, 76

 

Unite the Fight, 523

 

Universal Life Church, 739

 

Index | 907

 

University of California, Davis, 594

University of Chicago Law School, 111,

259

Obama Constitutional Law class at,

666-67

University of Colorado, 428

University of Hawaii, 25, 32, 119, 241, 393

Law School, 393

University of Kansas, 46

University of Maine Law School, 308

University of Maryland, 738

University of Michigan Law School, 257

University of Minnesota, 46-47, 49, 321,

575

Law School, 46

University of Pennsylvania Law School,

328

University of San Diego, 479, 497

University of San Francisco, 63

University of Southern Maine, 588

University of Texas, 652, 725

University of Vermont, 273

University of Warwick (England), 315

USS. Air Force, 45-46, 95, 637

US. Army, 37, 71

U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops,

118-19, 134, 480, 503, 566-67, 610,

688

US. Congress, 5, 11-12, 51, 59, 106, 110,

126, 135, 137, 139, 149, 162-65, 187,

356, 384, 398, 478, 501, 638, 745

anti-same-sex marriage legislation of

1994-1996, 174-85

District of Columbia and, 59

DOMA and, 11-12, 157-58, 178, 205-9,

211, 215, 218, 221, 231-33, 242, 298,

320, 559, 620, 654-55, 699, 715-17

DOMA duty to defend and, 668, 671

Don’t Ask Don’t Tell repeal and, 424,

663-64

ERA and, 106

Federal Marriage Amendment and, 326,

331, 334-37, 367, 373-74, 384

gay groups and, 162-65

GOP control of, in 1994, 126, 187

GOP control of, in 2002, 347

hearings on discrimination in hiring, 5

partial-birth abortion ban, 348

 

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908 | Index

 

US. Congress (continued)

Religious Freedom Restoration Act and,

337-38

Roe V. Wade and, 361

Windsor and, 731

US. Constitution, 63, 80, 146, 148, 220,

308, 391, 539. See also Federal Marriage

Amendment (proposed); specific

amendments, clauses, and cases

Article IV, 149

church-state separation and, 336-37

DOMA and, 621, 624

freedom to marry and, 419

Human Life Amendment and, 362

Lawrence v. Texas and, 348-51

marriage as fundamental right and,

664-65

Obergefell and, 728

Perry and, 628

Roe v. Wade and, 361

state constitutions vs., 270-71

Windsor and, 722-24

U.S. Court of Appeals

First Circuit, 69, 660, 668, 670

Second Circuit, 660, 668-70

Fourth Circuit, 726

Sixth Circuit, 721, 723, 727-29, 749, 752

Seventh Circuit, 726

Eighth Circuit, 624

Ninth Circuit, 71, 726

Tenth Circuit, 726

DC Circuit, 259

Don’t Ask Don’t Tell ruling, 663

Gill and, 653

Jackson v. Abercrombie and, 743

Perry and, 643-51, 653, 749

strict scrutiny and, 668

U.S. House of Representatives, 136,

141-43

discrimination and, 161, 164

District of Columbia and, 180

DOMA and, 11-12, 151-58, 206, 214-15,

221, 225-26, 231, 233, 320, 436, 619-20

elections of 1994, 185-86

elections of 2010 and, 683

ENDA and, 166-67, 229

Federal Marriage Amendment and, 330,

350, 358-59, 362-63, 366, 384, 707

 

Windsor and Hollingsworth v. Perry and,

706

U.S. House of Representatives,

Committees

Constitution Subcommittee, 153-55, 208,

211, 218, 221-22, 359, 680

Firearms Legislation Task Force, 143,

144

GOP Conference, 399

Intelligence, 143

Judiciary, 143-45, 153, 207, 222, 350, 359,

372-73, 639, 717

US. Post Office, 618

US. Senate, 132-40, 142, 296, 331, 382

District of Columbia and, 180

DOMA and, 11-12, 151-58, 204, 206,

220-33, 238, 739

Don’t Ask and, 663-64

ENDA and, 166-67, 224-30, 232

Federal Marriage Amendment and, 330,

351, 358-66, 373, 382, 384, 501, 622

gay staffers and, 165-66

Obama elected to, 457, 674-77, 710

Windsor and Hollingsworth v. Perry and,

707-10

US. Senate, Committees

Constitution Subcommittee, 5, 373

Judiciary, 175, 343-44, 635-36, 682

Steering, 140

US. Supreme Court, 5, 42, 47, 51, 63, 86,

LLL, 148, 155, 200, 207, 270, 278, 279,

330, 331, 529, 590, 605, 608, 614

abortion and, 94-95

ACA and, 697, 700

ACLU and, 447-48, 624-26, 656-57

Baker v. Nelson and, 575

Bonauto and, 655-60

Bowers v. Hardwick, 66-67, 71

Boy Scouts v. Dale and, 417

Brown vs. Board of Education and, 703-4,

709

Bush II appointments, 484

Bush v. Gore, 628

church-state separation and, 336-37

Citizens United, 568

Clinton appointments 195

Colorado ban on gay rights and, 380

discrimination cases of 2019, 760

 

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| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 909

 

DOMA and, 622-23, 625, 639, 670-71,

699-701

Dred Scott and, 372, 625

Foley and, 66-68

Gill and, 622-23, 625

Gill circle and path toward, 16-17

GOP control of, 347

Hardwick and, 391, 447

Hollingsworth v. Perry and, 626-32, 646,

652, 700-705, 708-11

judicial scrutiny and equal protection

clause, 665-68

Lawrence and, 348-51, 354, 359, 447, 644,

667, 713-14, 752

Loving, 49, 66-67, 448-49, 546, 628,

714

marriage as fundamental right and,

664-65

Masterpiece Cakeshop and, 757-59

McConnell and Baker case, 48

Obergefell and, 728-38, 749-56, 760

Perry and, 712-23

Plessy and, 665

polygamy and, 110

right to privacy and, 45, 66-67, 71, 391

Roe v. Wade and, 176, 361-62

Romer and, 127-30, 156-58, 195-96,

713-14

Somerville paper and, 547

Sotomayor appointed to, 635-36

Strauss and, 624

10-10-10-20 plan and, 532-37

Watkins and, 71-73

Windsor and, 658, 660, 700-705, 709-23,

727-29, 752

Wolfson and, 417-19

US Air, 249

USA Today, 58, 342, 372,432

Utah, 104, 109-10, 120, 149, 378-79, 567,

755

civil unions and, 603

Utah Constitution, 398

Utah constitutional amendment (2004),

383-84, 503, 724-26, 748

Utah Recognition of Marriages Act (1995),

179, 396-98

Utah state legislature, 99-100, 102, 106,

179, 397

 

Index | 909

 

Utah Supreme Court, 111

Utah Valley University, 528

 

Vaid, Urvashi, 440-42

Valentine, Jimmy, 476

Values Action Team, 363

values agenda, 210, 237, 352

values messaging, 573-74, 604, 744

van Ameringen, Henry, 427, 452, 454, 555

Van Buren, Jane, 255-56

van Lohuizen, Jan, 689

Varady, Carl, 41-43, 60-62, 82

Varnum v. Brien, 459, 556

Vatican, 480, 505

Vavreck, Lynn, 697

Vermont, 252, 254-97, 304, 315, 325, 329,

366-67, 379, 415, 417-22, 444, 448, 465,

578, 624, 659

civil unions and, 13, 292-96, 302, 310,

335, 418-20, 438-39, 446, 459, 463, 487,

578, 602-3, 675, 742

same-sex marriage enacted, 559, 575, 655

Vermont Bill for Civil Unions (2000),

292-94

Vermont Coalition for Lesbian and Gay

Rights, 256-57, 261, 262, 263

Vermont Constitution, 266-72, 276, 285

Common Benefits Clause, 270, 272,

282-83, 289, 305

Vermont Constitutional Convention

(1793), 270

Vermont Freedom to Marry Task Force,

263-67, 269, 273, 289, 291-93, 296

Vermont Gay Volleyball, 263

Vermont Legislative Council, 264

Vermont Personnel Department, 287

Vermont Press Bureau, 284, 287

Vermont Republic, 270

“Vermont Ruling: A Status Update”

(Bonauto), 295, 297

Vermont state legislature, 256-58, 264-67,

270-71, 283-96, 298, 302, 411, 487, 529

Vermont Supreme Court, 255-56, 267,

271, 275-87, 293, 331, 417, 487

Vermont Technical College, 256

Verrilli, Donald B., Jr., 699-705, 708-11,

715-16, 732-35

View, The (TV show), 693

 

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910 | Index

 

Viguerie, Richard, 144

 

Village Voice, 183

 

Virginia, 106, 278, 448, 458, 726

 

Virginia Housing Development Authority,

200

 

Virginia state legislature, 458

 

Virtually Normal (Sullivan), 407

 

VISTA, 315

 

Vote YesMarriage.com, 490-91

 

Vote Yes to Marriage, 470

 

Voting Rights Act (1965), 676

 

Voyer, Cathy, 291-92, 296

 

Waihee, John, 34, 72, 102

Waite, Linda J., 321

Wakatsuki, James H., 85

Walker, Quock, 309

Walker, Vaughn, 632-33, 643-46, 648-51,

655

Wallman, Kathy, 199, 203

Wall Street Journal, 323, 331, 637

Walsh, Terry, 689

Walz, Tim, 576

Wardle, Lynn, 93-104, 112, 114, 116-17,

120, 149, 179, 324-26, 397, 500-501

Warner, Arthur C., 411

Warner, Michael, 264-65

Warren, Earl, 63, 66-67, 111, 278

Warren, Rick, 679

Washington, DC, 58-59, 180, 193, 394,

424, 449, 533, 544, 559, 607-8, 670, 681

Health Care Benefits Expansion Act

(1992), 193

Human Rights Act, 59

Washington Blade, 208, 221, 226, 412

Washington Post, 59, 163-64, 212, 236, 319,

334, 344, 373, 382, 395, 502, 528, 679,

690, 694, 697, 707

Washington State, 61, 698

civil unions and, 599

mini-DOMA and, 533

Washington State Court of Appeals, 54-55

Washington state legislature, 599-600

Washington State Referendum 74 (2012),

583, 599-601, 605, 610-12

Washington Times, 155-57, 203, 319-20

Washington United for Marriage, 601,

611-12

 

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Waters, Lori, 362-63

 

Watkins, Perry J., 71

 

Watkins v. United States Army, 71,73

 

Watson, Joseph, 257, 264-66

 

Watts, Charlie, 147-48

 

Watts, Phyllis, 547, 551, 585, 590-92,

597-98, 606

 

Waxse, David, 53

 

Websters v. Reproductive Health Services, 94

 

We Can’t Wait agenda, 690

 

“Wedded to Intolerance” (HRC), 217-18

 

weddings, mock, 9, 38, 170

 

Wednesday Strategy Lunch, 352, 359

 

Weekly Standard, 136, 318, 327, 342, 365

 

Weinhandl, Chase, 749

 

Welles, Orson, 8

 

Wentz, Pete, 507

 

West, Jason, 377

 

West, Tony, 641—42, 669-70

 

West Hollywood, 27, 401-4, 409, 413, 490,

515

 

West Virginia, 529, 533

 

Wetherbee, Michael, 48

 

Weyrich, Paul, 348, 350, 352-53, 355,

358-60, 362-63, 368, 379

 

Wheatley, Thomas, 601, 611

 

White, Byron, 361

 

Whitman, Walt, 8

 

Who's in a Family? (Skutch), 605

 

Why Marriage Matters, 573, 580, 583,

585-87

 

Why Marriage Matters (Wolfson), 387

 

Why Marriage Matters Maine, 580-82,

585-89

 

“Why Party Politics Matters” (Frank),

190-91

 

“Why the Family Research Council

Cannot Endorse the Proposed Federal

Marriage Amendment” (memo), 335

 

Wichterman, Bill, 330, 358

 

WikiLeaks, 506

 

Wilde, Oscar, 148

 

Wildmon, Don, 344-54, 356-57, 359,

361-63, 374, 378-79, 479

 

Will & Grace (TV show), 357, 553

 

Williams, Daniel K., 481

 

Wilson, Audra, 675

 

Wilson, Bill, 41

 

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| | Isse_9781524748739_all_5p_r1.s.indd 911

 

Wilson, Jonathan C., 125

Wilson, Pete, 126

Wilson, Reid, 692

Windsor, Edith “Edie,” 658-59, 670, 722

Windsor v. United States, 658-60, 668,

700-734, 744, 748-49, 752

Windy City Times, 676, 677

“Winning and Keeping Equal Marriage

Rights: What Will Follow Victory in

Baebr v. Lewin” (Wolfson), 399

“Winning Marriage” (Coles group). See

10-10-10-20 Plan

Wirthlin, Richard, 116-19, 121, 502

Wirthlin Worldwide, 116

Wisconsin, 533, 583, 664-65, 689, 726

Wisconsin constitutional amendment, 533

Wise, William C., 50

“with all deliberate speed” argument, 704

Witherspoon Institute, 485-86

Witt, Major Margaret, 637

Wolfson, Evan, 158, 168-69, 175, 177-78,

206, 244, 250-51, 387-401, 403, 405-17,

420-23, 443-46, 463, 649, 673

Baehr and, 417

Boy Scouts v. Dale and, 417-19

California Equality Project and, 464, 466

California Proposition 8 and, 517

Coleman vs., 410-12

departs Lambda, 419-26

DOMA and, 620-21

Freedom to Marry relaunch and, 419-26,

539-49, 559-60, 573-74, 578, 579-80,

584, 612, 684, 725, 750

Gallagher debate and, 545

Hardwick and, 418

Hawaii First and, 412-16

Obergefell and, 750

10-10-10-20 plan and, 450

West Hollywood and, 404, 409

 

Index | 911

 

Wolinsky, Marc, 163

 

women’s rights, 87, 398-99, 666

 

Woods, William Everett “Bill,” 27-34,

36-45, 58, 60-65, 68-70, 76-77, 79, 409,

411-12, 414, 738, 745-46, 747

 

Worcester, Massachusetts, 304

 

Wordsworth, William, 8

 

World, 335, 496

 

World Trade Center, 353

 

Worth, Robert, 31

 

Wriggins, Jenny, 308

 

wrongful death suits, 242

 

Wyden, Ron, 204, 228

 

Wyoming, 533, 726

 

Yahoo, 452

 

Yale Daily News, 545

 

Yale Law fournal, 95-96

 

Yale Law School, 153, 308

 

Yale Political Union, 420, 545-46

 

Yale University, 340, 406

 

Yandura, Paul, 201-2, 679-80

 

Yes on 8 campaign, 494, 498, 506, 508-9,

511, 515, 530, 568, 602, 611

 

Yogman, Judith, 307, 311

 

York Fire Department, 586

 

Young, Brigham, 504

 

YouTube, 649

 

YWCA, 119

 

Zaltman metaphor elicitation technique,

550, 551

 

Zarnoch, Robert A., 647

 

Zarrillo, Jeffrey, 629, 643

 

Zepatos, Thalia, 464-66, 516-17, 524, 541,

548-52, 573-74, 577, 581-88, 592-93,

597, 601-2, 604, 606-7, 744

 

Zingale, Daniel, 165-67, 183, 185, 204,

223, 226-27, 229, 662

 

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